Maurice S. B. Ku

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The effects of elevated CO2 concentrations on the photochemistry, biochemistry and physiology of C4 photosynthesis were studied in maize (Zea mays L.). Plants were grown at ambient (350 μL L−1) or ca. 3 times ambient (1100 μL L−1) CO2 levels under high light conditions in a greenhouse for 30 d. Relative to plants grown at ambient CO2 levels, plants grown(More)
The photosynthetic characteristics of four transgenic rice lines over-expressing rice NADP-malic enzyme (ME), and maize phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PC), pyruvate,orthophosphate dikinase (PK), and PC+PK (CK) were investigated using outdoor-grown plants. Relative to untransformed wild-type (WT) rice, PC transgenic rice exhibited high PC activity (25-fold(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ) is an oral alkylating agent that has been widely used in the treatment of refractory glioma, although inherent and acquired resistance to this drug is common. The clinical use of valproic acid (VPA) as an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug has been reported primarily for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder and less(More)
Dry mature seeds of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus L., DC.) (WB) contain several proteinase inhibitors. Two-dimensional gel analysis of WB seed protein followed by activity visualization using a gel-X-ray film contact print technique revealed at least 14 trypsin inhibitors (TIs) in the range of 28-6 kD. A total of seven inhibitors (WBTI-1 to 7)(More)
A C3 monocot, Hordeum vulgare and C3 dicot, Vicia faba, were studied to evaluate the mechanism of inhibition of photosynthesis due to water stress. The net rate of CO2 fixation (A) and transpiration (E) were measured by gas exchange, while the true rate of O2 evolution (J O2) was calculated from chlorophyll fluorescence analysis through the stress cycle (10(More)
The potential for C4 photosynthesis was investigated in five C3-C4 intermediate species, one C3 species, and one C4 species in the genus Flaveria, using 14CO2 pulse-12CO2 chase techniques and quantum-yield measurements. All five intermediate species were capable of incorporating 14CO2 into the C4 acids malate and aspartate, following an 8-s pulse. The(More)
Carbon-isotope ratios were examined as δ13C values in several C3, C4, and C3−C4 Flaveria species, and compared to predicted δ13C, values generated from theoretical models. The measured δ13C values were within 4‰ of those predicted from the models. The models were used to identify factors that contribute to C3-like δ13C values in C3−C4 species that exhibit(More)
Most species of the genus Salsola (Chenopodiaceae) that have been examined exhibit C4 photosynthesis in leaves. Four Salsola species from Central Asia were investigated in this study to determine the structural and functional relationships in photosynthesis of cotyledons compared to leaves, using anatomical (Kranz versus non-Kranz anatomy, chloroplast(More)
Two major indicators were used to access the degree of photorespiration in various photosynthetic types of Flaveria species (C3, C3-C4, C4-like, and C4): the O2 inhibition of photosynthesis measured above the O2 partial pressure which gives a maximum rate, and O2- and light-dependent whole-chain electron flow measured at the CO2 compensation point (Γ). The(More)
BACKGROUND Large-scale production of effective cellulose hydrolytic enzymes is the key to the bioconversion of agricultural residues to ethanol. The goal of this study was to develop a rice plant as a bioreactor for the large-scale production of cellulose hydrolytic enzymes via genetic transformation, and to simultaneously improve rice straw as an efficient(More)