Maurice Rapin

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The results of a simplified quantitative broth dilution quantitative tip culture (QTC) of 331 central venous catheters were compared with clinical data prospectively recorded in critically III patients to diagnose bacteremic or nonbacteremic catheter-related sepsis (CRS) (36 catheters), as opposed to contamination (42 catheters) or simple colonization from(More)
In patients with fulminating pulmonary edema not responsive to conventional therapy, venoarterial membrane lung bypass can provide assistance if decreased systemic blood pressure prevents use of high-level positive end-expiratory pressure ventilation. In 10 patients with acute respiratory failure, partial venoarterial bypass provided a rapid and marked(More)
A new case of phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) deficiency is described. The propositus displayed episodes of rhabdomyolysis crises and acute renal failure but did not exhibit any sign of hemolysis. A severe deficiency in phosphoglycerate kinase was revealed in muscle and was also found in erythrocytes, white cells and platelets. A partial defect in the same(More)
All patients admitted during a 33-month period to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit were prospectively studied in order to determine the incidence and severity of drug-induced illness leading to the admission. The role of underlying diseases was assessed and the avoidability of drug-induced illness considered. Out of 1651 patients, 97 (5.88%) were(More)
A 0.01 and 0.1-mg/kg dose of iv naloxone was administered to seven patients in septic shock, in order to evaluate naloxone's hemodynamic effect and possible relation to changes in plasma beta-endorphin and catecholamine levels. Naloxone failed to modify cardiac index, blood pressure, heart rate, and systemic vascular resistance. Plasma beta-endorphin,(More)
The Haemodynamic response to dopamine infusion has been assessed in 30 patients in septic shock with myocardial dysfunction. Dopamine infusion resulted in a haemodynamic improvement as indicated by significant increases in cardiac output of 38.4% (p>.001), stroke volume 18.7% (p<.001), and mean arterial pressure of 33% (p<.001). Despite the inotropic(More)
To determine the incidence of acute gastroduodenal lesions during severe sepsis, prospective endoscopies were performed in two groups of critically ill patients. The criteria of selection ruled out the incidence of other factors, such as shock, acute renal or respiratory failure. Evaluation of sepsis by clinical and bacteriologic criteria and endoscopic(More)