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AIM OF THE STUDY Effects of the different fractions obtained by partition of ethanolic extract (EE) of Agelanthus dodoneifolius through column chromatography were investigated on rat blood pressure and aortic relaxation and compared to those observed in the presence of crude EE. MATERIALS AND METHODS The acute hypotensive activity of EE, fractions and(More)
A new dihydropyranone, ( R)-6-[( S)-2-hydroxy-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)butyl]-5,6-dihydropyran-2-one ( 1), was isolated from Tapinanthus dodoneifolius. The structure was determined from spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 1 (named dodoneine) showed a relaxing effect on preconstricted rat aortic rings (IC 50 of 81.4 +/- 0.9 microM).
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Dodoneine (Ddn) is one of the active compounds identified from Agelanthus dodoneifolius (DC.) Polhill and Wiens, a medicinal plant used in traditional medicine for the treatment of hypertension. This dihydropyranone exerts hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects on rats, and two molecular targets have been characterized: the(More)
Sida urens L. (Malvaceae) is in flora of Asian medicinal herbs and used traditionally in West of Burkina Faso for the treatment of infectious diseases and particularly used against, dental caries bacteria, fever, pain and possesses analgesic properties. This study was conducted to reveal the antibacterial effect against dental caries bacteria on the one(More)
Infectious diseases caused by fungi are still a major threat to public health, despite numerous efforts by researchers. Use of ethnopharmacological knowledge is one attractive way to reduce empiricism and enhance the probability of success in new drug-finding efforts. In this work, the total alkaloid compounds (AC) from Sida cordifolia L. (Malvaceae) have(More)
Aqueous-ethanolic extract of Cassia alata (AECal) and its derived fractions obtained through liquid-liquid fractionation were evaluated for their bronchorelaxant, genotoxic, and antigenotoxic effects. Contractile activity of rats' tracheas in the presence of tested materials, as well as its modifications with different inhibitors and blockers, was(More)
The natural product dodoneine (a dihydropyranone phenolic compound), extracted from African mistletoe Agelanthus dodoneifolius, has been investigated as inhibitor of several human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms. By using superacid chemistry, analogues of the lactone phenolic hybrid lead compound have been synthesized and tested as CA(More)
Agelanthus dodoneifolius is one of the medicinal plants used in African pharmacopeia and traditional medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. A chemical analysis has identified one of the active principles: Dodoneine (Ddn). It is a new dihydropyranone which exerts hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects on rat. Since the mechanism of the(More)
Background: Sida rhombifolia L. (Malvaceae) is in flora of Asian medicinal herbs and used traditionally in West of Burkina Faso for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, fever, pain and possesses analgesic properties. The aim of the study was to access the biological activities of extract (acetone/water extract) and alkaloid extracts from Sida rhombifolia(More)
Dodoneine (Ddn) is one of the active compounds identified from Agelanthusdodoneifolius, which is a medicinal plant used in African pharmacopeia and traditional medicine for the treatment of hypertension. In the context of a scientific program aiming at discovering new hypotensive agents through the original combination of natural product discovery and(More)
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