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We report the solid phase synthesis and some pharmacological properties of seven position two analogues (peptides 1-7) of one of our lead oxytocin antagonists, des-9-glycinamide[1-(beta-mercapto-beta,beta-pentamethylenepropionic+ ++ acid),2-O-methyltyrosine,4-threonine]ornithinevasotocin(desGly+ ++-NH2, d(CH2)5-[Tyr(Me)2,Thr4]OVT) (A). Peptides 1-7 have the(More)
Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) mediate their biological actions by acting on four known receptors: The OT (uterine) and the AVP V(1a) (vasopressor), V(1b) (pituitary), V(2) (renal) receptors and a fifth putative AVP V(1c)? (vasodilating) receptor. This presentation will summarize some highlights of the recent progress, in the design and synthesis of(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) oligomers have been proposed to play critical roles in cell signaling, but confirmation of their existence in a native context remains elusive, as no direct interactions between receptors have been reported. To demonstrate their presence in native tissues, we developed a time-resolved FRET strategy that is based on receptor(More)
We recently reviewed the status of peptide and nonpeptide agonists and antagonists for the V(1a), V(1b) and V(2) receptors for arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the oxytocin receptor for oxytocin (OT). In the present review, we update the status of peptides and nonpeptides as: (i) research tools and (ii) therapeutic agents. We also present our recent findings(More)
The design and development of selective agonists acting at the OT (oxytocin)/AVP (vasopressin) receptors has been and continues to be a difficult task because of the great similarity among the different receptor subtypes as well as the high degree of chemical similarity between the active ligands. In recent decades, at least a thousand synthetic peptides(More)
Recently, we synthesized and characterized the first selective V(1b) vasopressin (VP)/oxytocin receptor agonist, d[Cha(4)]arginine vasopressin. However, this agonist was only selective for the human receptors. We thus decided to design a selective V(1b) agonist for the rodent species. We started from previous observations showing that modifying(More)
Using a three-dimensional model of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), we have previously succeeded in docking the neurohypophysial hormone arginine-vasopressin (AVP) into the V1a receptor. According to this model, the hormone is completely embedded in the transmembrane part of the receptor. Only the side chain of the Arg residue at position 8 projects(More)
To date, there are no vasopressin (VP) agonists that exhibit a high affinity and selectivity for the VP V1b receptor with respect to the V1a, V2, and oxytocin receptors. In this study, we describe the synthesis and pharmacological properties of [1-deamino-4-cyclohexylalanine] arginine vasopressin (d[Cha4]AVP). Binding experiments performed on various(More)
The fluoresceinyl (Flu) group has been linked by an amide bond to the side chain amino group at position 8 of (a) two oxytocin (OT) antagonists, to give d(CH(2))(5)[Tyr(Me)(2),Thr(4),Orn(8)(5/6C-Flu),Tyr-NH(2)(9)]VT (Orn(8)(5/6C-Flu)OTA) (1) and desGly-NH(2),d(CH(2))(5)[D- Tyr(2),Thr(4),Orn(8)(5/6C-Flu)]VT (2), and (b) eight Lys(8) and Orn(8) analogues of(More)