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A genome scan meta-analysis (GSMA) was carried out on 32 independent genome-wide linkage scan analyses that included 3255 pedigrees with 7413 genotyped cases affected with schizophrenia (SCZ) or related disorders. The primary GSMA divided the autosomes into 120 bins, rank-ordered the bins within each study according to the most positive linkage result in(More)
The hypothesis of the existence of one or more schizophrenia susceptibility loci on chromosome 22q is supported by reports of genetic linkage and association, meta-analyses of linkage, and the observation of elevated risk for psychosis in people with velocardiofacial syndrome, caused by 22q11 microdeletions. We tested this hypothesis by evaluating 10(More)
OBJECTIVE Anticipation, recently found in several neuropsychiatric disorders, is an inheritance pattern within a pedigree in which disease severity increases or age at onset decreases in successive generations. Demonstration of genetic anticipation in schizophrenia could be of heuristic value, since unstable trinucleotide repeat DNA is known to be the(More)
A genomewide linkage scan was carried out in eight clinical samples of informative schizophrenia families. After all quality control checks, the analysis of 707 European-ancestry families included 1615 affected and 1602 unaffected genotyped individuals, and the analysis of all 807 families included 1900 affected and 1839 unaffected individuals. Multipoint(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to assess the possible involvement of the dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) in the etiology of schizophrenia. The authors' approach included a population study and a family study using both parametric (lod score) and nonparametric (affected pedigree member) methods of linkage analysis. METHOD Two different DNA markers(More)
The present study analysed the physiology of phenolic exudation by the seed and the root of two Vicia faba cultivars, one rich in condensed tannin (cv. Alfred) and one free-tannin cultivar (cv. Blandine). We first analysed the phenolic exudation from the intact seeds and from the different seed tissues (coat and cotyledon separately). Results indicated that(More)
Flavonoids distribution in three algerian Bupleureum (Apiaceae) species has been investigated. Quercetin (1), quercetin 3-rutinoside (2) and isorhamnetin 3-rutinoside (3) were found in the endemic species B. plantagineum Desf. Three kaempferol glycosides, kaempferol 3-glucoside (4), kaempferol 3-galactoside (5), kaempferol 3-rutinoside (6) and three(More)
The distribution of birth rates was examined in 668 schizophrenic patients born in Réunion, a tropical French island in the Southern Hemisphere, and compared with that in the general local population. We failed to observe a significant season-of-birth effect, either in the total sample of schizophrenic patients or in subgroups categorized by gender, age, or(More)
Review of geographical comparisons of the prevalence of schizophrenic disorders found a ten-fold range difference between geographical contiguous groups, with high and low prevalence pockets. We performed a 1-year prevalence study of schizophrenia in a limited area of Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean, and analysed the prevalence variability in contiguous(More)
A new flavonol tetraglycoside, together with four acylated derivatives, were isolated from the leaves of Astragalus caprinus. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, mainly 2D NMR, as kaempferol-3-O-[[beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1-->3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->6)][alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)]]-beta-D-galactopyranoside (1), its(More)