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PURPOSE The use of bone and connective tissue allografts has grown rapidly and surpassed the use of autografts in many countries. Being of human origin, bone and tendon allografts carry the risk of disease transmission and complications have been reported. As part of the Project NOTIFY led by the World Health Organisation, an effort to improve recognition,(More)
Loading microgravity, and/or defective mechanical strain-forces have important effects on bone cells and bone quality and quantity. The complex mechanisms induced by strain and microgravity on bone cells have been reviewed in Part I of this paper. In Part II, we have considered the data on the alterations induced by unloading and microgravity on the(More)
Clinical manifestations of Kashin-Beck disease have been studied in Central Tibet. Statistical analysis of physical signs allowed a definition of the clinical diagnosis and a scale for the functional severity for the disease to be drawn up. This classification is used for the assessment of patients who received palliative physical treatment. A group of 136(More)
To assess the effectiveness of nuclear magnetic-resonance imaging in the detection of osteonecrosis of the femoral head, we studied the cases of twenty-five patients (forty-nine hips) in whom necrosis of the femoral head was suspected on the basis of plain radiographs, computed tomographic scans, radionuclide bone scans, and magnetic resonance-imaging(More)
In someone’s life, the age of 40 is amazing in terms of activity and vitality. Forty years is young for an orthopaedic surgeon. It is also the age when, after finishing a long and technical training, an orthopaedic specialist will eventually start to evaluate his or her own results and publish the outcomes for different procedures based on evidence. Forty(More)
There are few papers in existence describing the histopathology of Kashin-Beck disease. The few existing papers mention chondronecrosis within the epiphyseal primodium and metaphyseal cartilage. In the present study, two series of samples were available for histology: supernumerary fingers removed from young subjects and intra-articular bodies collected in(More)
The effects of low frequency pulsed electrical current on epidermal repair in vitro were examined. Charge-balance current stimuli proposed for chronic wound treatment were tested on skin keratinocytes cultured at an air-liquid interface on dead human dermis. Results imply that the balance between proliferation and differentiation in electrically treated(More)
During recent decades the utilisation of growth factors, especially BMPs, has received an increasing interest in orthopaedic surgery. For clinical implantation the two main options are demineralised bone matrix (DBM) and recombinant bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMP). Many clinical studies agree on an equivalent osteoinductive effect between DBM, BMPs and(More)
Cellular morphology changes, which appear related to dedifferentiation (despecialization), have been produced in vitro in the nucleated red blood cell of the frog. This has been achieved by controlled alterations in the electrochemical environment of these living cells, both by a selective modification of the ionic concentrations of an isotonic amphibian(More)
OBJECTIVE Aseptic nontraumatic osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head is a painful disorder that often leads to femoral head collapse due to subchondral fracture. We postulated that alteration of osteoblast function might play a role in the pathophysiology of ON. We evaluated the ex vivo proliferation rate and differentiation capacity of osteoblasts derived(More)