Maurice Guéron

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The opening of base pairs of double-stranded DNA is an important process, being a prerequisite for replication and transcription and possibly a factor in the recognition, flexibility and structure of DNA. The kinetics of base-pair opening have, however, been controversial. Base-pair opening can be studied by following the exchange of protons from imino(More)
Using nuclear magnetic resonance line broadening, longitudinal relaxation and magnetization transfer from water, we have measured the imino proton exchange times in the duplex form of the 10-mer d-CGCGATCGCG and in seven other deoxy-duplexes, as a function of the concentration of exchange catalysts, principally ammonia. All exchange times are catalyst(More)
Oligomers containing tracts of cytidine form hemiprotonated base pairs at acid pH and have been considered to be double-stranded. We have solved the structure of the DNA oligomer 5'-d(TCCCCC) at acid pH and find that it is a four-stranded complex in which two base-paired parallel-stranded duplexes are intimately associated, with their base pairs fully(More)
Proton exchange of poly(rA).poly(rU) and poly(rI).poly(rC) has been studied by nuclear magnetic resonance line broadening and saturation transfer from H2O. Five exchangeable peaks are observed. They are assigned to the imino, amino and 2'-OH ribose protons. The aromatic spectrum is also assigned. Contrary to previous observations, we find that the exchange(More)
We develop and test a Poisson-Boltzmann model of the electrostatics of the B-Z transition of DNA. Starting from the detailed geometries of the two forms, we compute at each radius the fractions of DNA matter, of volume forbidden (for nonpoint-like ions), and of volume accessible to the center of ions. These radial distributions are incorporated in a(More)
We have estimated the dissociation constant of the terminal base pairs of the B-DNA duplexes formed by 5'-d(CGCGATCGCG) and 5'-d(TAGCGCTA) by two methods, one based on the change in imino proton chemical shift with temperature and the other on the apparent pK shift of the imino proton, as monitored by the change in chemical shift of aromatic protons. These(More)
Using the adenosine deaminase inhibitor erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine (EHNA), we determine the contribution of the adenosine pathway to the abundant purine release of two Langendroff-perfused rat heart models which differ particularly in inorganic phosphate (Pi) content: the 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) perfused heart and the anoxic heart. We measure the(More)
We showed recently that the high-salt transition of poly[d(G-C)]. poly[d(G-C)] between B-DNA and Z-DNA (at [NaCl] = 2.25 M or [MgCl(2)] = 0.7 M) can be ascribed to the lesser electrostatic free energy of the B form, due to better immersion of the phosphates in the solution. This property was incorporated in cylindrical DNA models that were analyzed by(More)