Maurice Giroud

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between air pollutants and the occurrence of acute stroke from 10-year population-based study. METHODS The daily stroke count was obtained from Dijon Stroke Register between March 1994 and December 2004. The register recorded all first-ever strokes among residents of Dijon (150,000 inhabitants) in France, using(More)
Our motivation for undertaking the present survey was to determine the incidence, the distribution, and the clinical features of ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes in children under 16 years old, in a well-defined population-based study. The survey was carried out on the population of the City of Dijon (150,000 inhibitants) from January 1, 1985 to December(More)
BACKGROUND Cobalamin C disease is the most common inborn error of cobalamin metabolism with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance and mutations within the MMACHC gene. Clinical features, including systemic, haematological and neurological abnormalities, usually occur in the first year of life. Adolescent and adult onset presentations are rare. (More)
The role of cholesterol in the pathogenesis of stroke, the role of the treatment of hypercholesterolemia in the prevention of stroke have been controversed. The explanation was based on the heterogenous characteristics of stroke, on the relationship between several risk factors, and on the role of the age, in the evaluation of these 2 questions. The(More)
We evaluated prospectively the occurrence of seizures within 15 days of a first stroke or transient ischemic episode in 1,640 patients to study relation between seizures and type of stroke. Seizures occurred in 90 patients (5.4%), including 36 (4.4%) of 814 with infarct owing to atheroma, 21 (16.6%) of 126 with infarct owing to cardiogenic embolus, 3 (1%)(More)
BACKGROUND Most studies on spinal cord infarction have been conducted in single centres; they usually consisted of case reports, or of larger series of patients recruited over a large period of time, with heterogeneous diagnostic procedures. Therefore, the clinical and radiological presentation of spinal cord infarcts and their short term outcome remain(More)
The incidence of cerebral haemorrhage was studied from a population-based stroke registry. The incidence was 12.3 per 100,000 per year in women and 13.9 per 100,000 per year in men, with a peak in the eighth decade and a male preponderance. Haemorrhages were deep seated and mostly due to hypertension. Recognised clinical characteristics of haemorrhage are(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Comparison of incidence and case-fatality rates for stroke in different countries may increase our understanding of the etiology of the disease, its natural history, and management. Within the context of an aging population and the trend for governments to set targets to reduce stroke risk and death from stroke, prospective comparison(More)
We performed proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in three patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to evaluate the distribution and extent of cortical neuronal damage as demonstrated by decreased N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) levels. We examined primary motor (precentral gyrus) and parietal neocortical (superior parietal gyrus) regions. ALS(More)