Maurice G Colomb

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The first component of complement, C1, is a calcium-dependent complex of two loosely interacting subunits: C1q, responsible for the binding of activators to C1; C1r2-C1s2, which supports the autoactivation potential of C1, together with the proteolytic activity of activated C1- on its two substrates, C4 and C2. Isolated dimeric C1r2 is able to autoactivate(More)
The heat shock response is a universal and highly conserved cellular response to stress. We describe here the effect of elevated temperature on the capacity of B cells to present antigen. Heat shock markedly affects the ability of these cells to process and present tetanus toxin to class II-restricted T cell clones. Inhibition of antigen presentation is due(More)
Some lupus anticoagulants (LA) have been shown to be directed against phospholipid-bound prothrombin. While developing an ELISA to detect anti-prothrombin autoantibodies in patient serum or plasma, no or very low signal was observed using human prothrombin immobilized on plain polystyrene plates. In contrast, the same LA-positive samples bound specifically(More)
The IgG subclass and light chain distribution of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) occurring in autoimmune patients were determined by means of two radioimmunoassays using either cardiolipin- or beta 2 glycoprotein 1 (beta 2GP1)-coated microtitre plates and mouse MoAbs. Of 50 sera selected for positivity of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) of the IgG(More)
The clinical course and laboratory findings of a patient with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia due to anti-phospholipid antibodies and secondary to a systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome are described. IgG and IgM with anti-phospholipid activity coexisted in both sera and acid eluates prepared from the patient's red cells, as demonstrated by ELISA using(More)
Covalent binding of C3 fragments to U937 cell membranes involved a cell surface-associated proteolytic activity. Two proteases able to cleave C3 were purified from U937 plasma membranes. Purification involved solubilization of the membranes and ion exchange chromatography. One of the purified proteases was identified as elastase, based upon a substrate(More)
The capacity of cultured human monocytes to synthesize and to secrete the subcomponents of C1 and C1 inhibitor was examined. Non-stimulated monocytes secreted C1q and C1s from day 5 of culture. C1s reached a plateau immediately at its maximum level, whereas C1q secretion increased progressively until the end of the second week. Between day 12 and day 25,(More)