Maurice F. Scanlon

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In June 2005, an ad hoc Expert Committee formed by the Pituitary Society convened during the 9th International Pituitary Congress in San Diego, California. Members of this committee consisted of invited international experts in the field, and included endocrinologists and neurosurgeons with recognized expertise in the management of prolactinomas.(More)
BACKGROUND Cabergoline is a long-acting dopamine-agonist drug that suppresses prolactin secretion and restores gonadal function in women with hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea. We designed a study to compare its safety and efficacy with those of bromocriptine, which has been the standard therapy. METHODS A total of 459 women with hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea(More)
Sex hormones appear to play a pivotal role in determining cardiovascular risk. Androgen deprivation therapy for males with prostate cancer results in a hypogonadal state that may have important, but as yet undetermined, effects on the vasculature. We studied the effects of androgen deprivation therapy on large artery stiffness in 22 prostate cancer patients(More)
Two hundred and sixty-three women with ultrasound-diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome were studied of whom 91 (35%) were obese (BMI greater than 25 kg/m2). Obese women with PCOS had a greater prevalence of hirsutism (73% compared with 56%) and menstrual disorders than non-obese subjects. Total testosterone and androstenedione concentrations in serum were(More)
OBJECTIVES Hypopituitary adults with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) have an increased cardiovascular mortality, although the mechanisms remain unclear. Endothelial dysfunction, characterized by reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, is a key early event in atherogenesis and is associated with increased vascular smooth muscle tone and arterial(More)
OBJECTIVE Reports suggest that up to 70% of patients with microprolactinomas treated with dopamine agonist therapy may achieve long-term normoprolactinaemic remission following drug withdrawal. Yet, there is no consensus on the duration of therapy nor is therapeutic interruption universally practised. We have assessed remission rates in a large cohort of(More)
We retrospectively analyzed 90 patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery (performed by three surgeons) in our center as initial therapy for acromegaly. We used a combination of modern, evidence-based remission criteria including mean day curve GH less than 2.5 micro g/liter (5 mU/liter), a nadir GH less than 1.0 micro g/liter (2 mU/liter) after an oral(More)
Conventional surgery and radiotherapy for acromegaly have limitations. There are few data on the use of the somatostatin analog octreotide (Oct) as primary medical therapy. An open prospective study of 27 patients with newly diagnosed acromegaly was conducted in nine endocrine centers in the United Kingdom. Twenty patients had macroadenomas, and 7 had(More)
The primary aim of this review has been to clarify the tumor shrinking effects of dopamine agonists on pituitary macroadenomas of different cell types. Shrinkage is most dramatic for macroprolactinomas and is due to cell size reduction. Seventy-nine percent of 271 definite macroprolactinomas were reduced in size by at least 25%, and 89% shrank to some(More)