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Pregabalin is a synthetic amino acid compound effective in clinical trials for the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, generalized anxiety disorder and adjunctive therapy for partial seizures of epilepsy. However, the mechanisms by which pregabalin exerts its therapeutic effects are not yet completely understood. In vitro(More)
The present study determined the biochemical and pharmacological effects of PD 128907 [R-(+)-trans-3,4,4a,10b-tetrahydro-4-propyl-2H,5H- [1]benzopyrano[4,3-b]-1,4-oxazin-9-ol], a dopamine (DA) receptor agonist that shows a preference for the human D3 receptor. In transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO K1), PD 128907 displaced [3H]spiperone in a(More)
Neurotensin (NT) has been suggested to be a neuropeptide with therapeutic potential. We used multiple-time regression analysis to measure the unidirectional influx constant (Ki) of a tritiated analog of NT8-13, NT1, with improved metabolic stability. The Ki of [3H]NT1 across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was 5.12(10(-4)) ml/g-min and was decreased 66% by(More)
In order to determine whether repeated cocaine administration produced persistent changes in dopamine (DA) receptor binding and release consistent with behavioral sensitization, rats were treated with either cocaine (25 mg/kg ip) or saline twice daily for 14 consecutive days followed by a 3-d withdrawal period. The DA transporter site was assayed using(More)
Male squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) were surgically prepared with cranial guide cannulae for acute microdialysis sampling of the putamen nucleus, a dopamine (DA)-rich brain region. On the day of an experiment an animal was placed in a Plexiglas restraining chair and a microdialysis probe was inserted through the guide into the putamen. Perfusates of(More)
Agonists of the neuropeptide neurotensin have been proposed as potential novel antipsychotics based on their ability to modulate neurotransmission in brain regions associated with schizophrenia. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effects of a neurotensin mimetic with improved metabolic stability in an animal model with strong predictive validity for(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC95) of the hexagon test. The hexagon test is a routinely used measure of agility in the sports and rehabilitation professions, yet its reliability has not been investigated in prior research. A total of 26 college-aged men (n = 17) and women (n = 9) of(More)
A series of [4-[2(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)alkyl]cyclohexyl]pyrimidin-2-ylamine s was prepared and found to have receptor binding affinity for D2 and D3 dopamine (DA) receptors and serotonin 5-HT1A receptors. The structural contributions to D2/D3 and 5-HT1A receptor binding of the aminopyrimidine, cycloalkyl, and phenylpiperazine portions of the molecule were(More)
The receptor binding and biochemical effects of the putative dopamine (DA) partial agonist CI-1007 ([R(+)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-4-phenyl- 1-[(3-phenyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)methyl]pyridine] maleate) and potential antipsychotic were evaluated with a variety of biochemical methods. In receptor binding studies, CI-1007 bound to rat striatal DA receptors exhibiting a(More)
The neurochemical effects of a novel dopamine (DA) D(2)-like and serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT(1A) agonist, PD 158771, are described. PD 158771 exhibited affinities for human D(2L), D(3) and D(4.2) receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells with K(i) (nM) values of 5.2, 13.7 and 34.8 respectively. PD 158771 showed high affinity for cloned human(More)