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The purpose of the present study was to look at possible gender differences in outcome after severe traumatic brain injury. Three hundred and thirty four consecutive patients, 72 females and 262 males, age range 5-65 years, were included in the study. Age range and severity of injury, evaluated by duration of unconsciousness, did not differ between male and(More)
Disorders of eye movements are relatively common in brain-injured patients. Some of these disturbances are caused by direct trauma to the orbital content, cranial nerves and other brain areas. Convergence, which is a part of the near-vision complex and depends on the integrative function of the cortical and subcortical areas, is commonly affected by(More)
The incidence and course of aphasia, and its impact on vocational outcome, were determined in a group of 351 patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Aphasia was found in 11.1%, the common forms being amnestic (56%, 22/39), expressive (10.3%, 4/39) and receptive (10.5%, 8/39), as found on the first language assessment. No age difference was found(More)
The rehabilitation outcome of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is well documented and is highly correlated to the neurobehavioural sequelae of CNS damage. However, many of these patients suffer from polytrauma involving systems other than the CNS and to systems involved in acquisition of external information. In the present series of 328(More)
Sleep complaints were obtained from 22 hospitalised patients with traumatic brain injury of recent onset (median 3.5 months after injury) and were compared with those of 77 discharged patients who had sustained brain injury about two to three years (median 29.5 months) previously. A high incidence of sleep complaints was noted in both groups (72.7% and(More)
The objective of this case-report study was to assess the presence of central auditory impairment in a patient with a normal neurological examination. This subject was a 45-year-old female with gradually deteriorating hearing difficulties over a period of 5 years and a borderline normal audiogram. Behavioural central auditory tests were used, including(More)
Communicative hydrocephalus (CH) is considered as one of the late sequelae of severe craniocerebral injury. However, as most of the series of patients with CH described in the literature deal with the results of various shunting procedures, the incidence of post-traumatic communicative hydrocephalus is not documented. We have found that almost 3.9% of 335(More)
Since itsinvention by the Dutchman Willem Einthoven (1860–1927) during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when it was little more than a scientific curiosity, the elec-trocardiogram (ECG) has developed into one of the most important and widely used quantitative diagnostic tools in medicine. It is essential for the identification of disorders of the(More)
The aim of the present study was to find the influence of performing tracheotomy on outcome of severe TBI patients. TBI patients, many of them intubated during the very acute phase post-injury, who remain unconscious for more than a few days, undergo tracheotomy to provide a reliable long term artificial airway. Tracheotomy, although being a simple elective(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study is to find whether sexuality and intimacy dysfunction are already present at the early rehabilitation phase of TBI patients. METHODS Forty-four consequent severe TBI patients were studied. The GCS and the duration of unconsciousness determined the initial severity of the injury. Patients' function regarding motor, language,(More)