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In this work, we used a rapid, simple, and efficient concentration-and-recovery procedure combined with a DNA enrichment method (dubbed CRENAME [concentration and recovery of microbial particles, extraction of nucleic acids, and molecular enrichment]), that we coupled to an Escherichia coli/Shigella-specific real-time PCR (rtPCR) assay targeting the tuf(More)
BACKGROUND Group B streptococci (GBS), or Streptococcus agalactiae, are the leading bacterial cause of meningitis and bacterial sepsis in newborns. Currently available rapid methods to detect GBS from clinical specimens are unsuitable for replacement of culture methods, mainly because of their lack of sensitivity. METHODS We have developed a PCR-based(More)
Clostridium difficile is the major causative agent of nosocomial antibiotic-associated diarrhea, colitis, and pseudomembranous colitis. The pathogenicity of C. difficile is closely related to the production of toxins A and B. Toxigenic C. difficile detection by a tissue culture cytotoxin assay is often considered the "gold standard." However, this assay is(More)
Human manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a homotetrameric enzyme which protects mitochondria against oxygen-mediated free radical damage. Within each subunit, both the N-terminal helical hairpin and C-terminal alpha/beta domains contribute ligands to the catalytic manganese site. Two identical four-helix bundles, symmetrically assembled from the(More)
Current microbial diagnostic is too slow to provide clinically useful information for the physician to prescribe, only when needed, the appropriate antibiotics. New advances in real-time PCR promise results that will come fast enough to revolutionise the practice of medicine. These novel, fully integrated devices, coupled with appropriate databases, will(More)
We have developed a rapid (1-h) real-time fluorescence-based PCR assay with the Smart Cycler thermal cycler (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, Calif.) for the detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), as well as other Shiga toxin-producing bacteria. Based on multiple-sequence alignments, we have designed two pairs of PCR primers that efficiently amplify(More)
The phylogeny of enterobacterial species commonly found in clinical samples was analysed by comparing partial sequences of their elongation factor Tu gene (tuf) and of their F-ATPase beta-subunit gene (atpD). An 884 bp fragment for tuf and an 884 or 871 bp fragment for atpD were sequenced for 96 strains representing 78 species from 31 enterobacterial(More)
The analytical performance of 9 different PCR primer sets designed to detect Escherichia coli and Shigella in water has been evaluated in terms of ubiquity, specificity, and analytical detection limit. Of the 9 PCR primer sets tested, only 3 of the 5 primer sets targeting uidA gene and the primer set targeting tuf gene amplified DNA from all E. coli strains(More)
Colilert (Colilert), Readycult Coliforms 100 (Readycult), Chromocult Coliform agar ES (Chromocult), and MI agar (MI) are beta-galactosidase and beta-glucuronidase-based commercial culture methods used to assess water quality. Their analytical performance, in terms of their respective ability to detect different strains of Escherichia coli and total(More)
Authorities frequently need to analyze suspicious powders and other samples for biothreat agents in order to assess environmental safety. Numerous nucleic acid detection technologies have been developed to detect and identify biowarfare agents in a timely fashion. The extraction of microbial nucleic acids from a wide variety of powdery and environmental(More)