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After screening 368 toddlers and selecting 77 into extremely inhibited, extremely uninhibited, and intermediate groups, 63 children (82%) were followed up at 4 and 7 years. Minority subgroups of both the inhibited and uninhibited children showed continuity on outcomes consisting of questionnaire measures of shyness, inhibitory control, and impulsivity, as(More)
Freezing is an adaptive defensive behavior that is expressed in response to an imminent threat. In prior studies with rhesus monkeys, stable individual differences in animals' propensities to freeze have been demonstrated. To understand the factors associated with these individual differences, freezing behavior was examined in infant rhesus monkeys and(More)
The results of tibial fracture fixation for 50 unstable closed and open fractures, using the dynamic axial fixator (DAF) and the limb axial alignment grid have been assessed both clinically and radiologically. Each patient has been carefully followed up in a dedicated clinic and each procedure was conducted or directly supervised by the senior author. All(More)
We have reviewed 48 children's diaphyseal fractures of the femur and tibia managed with the Orthofix Dynamic Axial Fixator between 1987 and 1994. The indications for external fixation included open fractures, multiple injuries, failed conservative management, and unstable fracture configurations. All fractures healed without further surgical intervention,(More)
Ankle arthrodesis is an accepted method of treatment for severe ankle pathology, but no single method of treatment is universally successful. Compression is usually applied across the ankle joint and maintained with either internal or external fixation; both are associated with complications such as infection, non-union and pain. We present our experience(More)
Osteoporosis and associated fragility fractures are an increasing problem across the developed world. The elderly osteoporotic acetabular fracture presents a difficult problem due to high failure rates and poor outcomes. Standard management may or may not include fracture fixation, but generally includes a period of protected weight bearing, even if total(More)
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