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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) originate within the aortic-gonado-mesonephros (AGM) region of the midgestation embryo, but the cell type responsible for their emergence is unknown since critical hematopoietic factors are expressed in both the AGM endothelium and its underlying mesenchyme. Here we employ a temporally restricted genetic tracing strategy to(More)
Hereditary hearing loss is a heterogeneous condition at both the genetic and clinical levels. We have recruited an Australian family with dominant sensorineural nonsyndromic late onset hearing loss. The hearing loss typically begins in the second or third decade of life as a high frequency loss which progresses to a severe to profound loss by the sixth to(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiologic characteristics and estimate the incidence of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) among children in Ireland. METHODS Hospital discharge records with a KS diagnosis among patients <18 years of age were examined using Ireland's Hospital In-Patient Enquiry database for 1996 through 2000. RESULTS During the study period 265(More)
A collection of three hundred thirty rotavirus-positive stool samples from children with diarrhea in the southern and eastern regions of Ireland between 1997 and 1999 were submitted to the Molecular Diagnostics Unit of the Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland, for investigation. These strains were characterized by several methods, including(More)
A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) detection assay was developed to examine the genetic relationship(s) among VP7-encoding genes from 100 Irish rotavirus isolates and 30 randomly selected global rotavirus isolates (from the current databases). RFLP analysis of the VP7 gene segments was performed independently with three enzymes (RsaI, AluI,(More)
Rotavirus is a common cause of severe gastroenteritis in children. In 2 patients with rotavirus gastroenteritis who developed encephalopathy, rotavirus RNA was detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction; in 1 patient, rotavirus RNA was detected on 2 occasions 3 weeks apart. There are increasing reports of(More)
AIMS To describe the incidence and management of cardiac device infection. Infection is a serious, potentially fatal complication of device implantation. The numbers of device implants and infections are rising. Optimal care of device infection is not well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS We retrospectively identified cases of device infection at our(More)
The vitelline artery is a temporary structure that undergoes extensive remodeling during midgestation to eventually become the superior mesenteric artery (also called the cranial mesenteric artery, in the mouse). Here we show that, during this remodeling process, large clusters of hematopoietic progenitors emerge via extravascular budding and form(More)
Flexible electrode systems capable of monitoring in vivo changes in venous and myocardial extracellular potassium activity were constructed using valinomycin-polyvinyl chloride matrix membrane and polyvinyl chloride tubing. Electrode impedance was 1--30 Momega, time constant 10--200 ms, drift less than 1 mV/h, and shelf life approximately 3 days(More)
The development and emergence of the hematopoietic stem cell involves a series of tightly regulated molecular events that are not well characterized. The hematopoietically expressed homeobox (Hhex) gene, a member of the homeobox gene family, is an essential regulator of embryogenesis and hematopoietic progenitor development. To investigate the role of Hhex(More)