Maureen M. Momsen

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The effect of cholesterol on the interfacial elastic packing interactions of various molecular species of phosphatidylcholines (PCs) has been investigated by using a Langmuir-type film balance and analyzing the elastic area compressibility moduli (Cs(-1)) as a function of average cross-sectional molecular area. Emphasis was on the high surface pressure(More)
The interfacial elastic packing interactions of different galactosylceramides (GalCers), sphingomyelins (SMs), and phosphatidylcholines (PC) were compared by determining their elastic area compressibility moduli (Cs-1) as a function of lateral packing pressure (pi) in a Langmuir-type film balance. To assess the relative contributions of the lipid headgroups(More)
The interfacial interactions of cholesterol with sphingomyelins (SMs) containing various homogeneous acyl chains have been investigated by Langmuir film balance approaches. Low in-plane elasticity among the packed lipids was identified as an important physical feature of the cholesterol-sphingomyelin liquid-ordered phase that correlates with detergent(More)
Phosphatidylcholines (PCs) with stearoyl (18:0) sn-1 chains and variable-length, saturated sn-2 acyl chains were synthesized and investigated using a Langmuir-type film balance. Surface pressure was monitored as a function of lipid molecular area at various constant temperatures between 10 degrees C and 30 degrees C. Over this temperature range, 18:0-10:0(More)
The biological activities of ceramides show a large variation with small changes in molecular structure. To help understand how the structure regulates the activity of this important lipid second messenger, we investigated the interfacial features of a series of synthetic ceramide analogs in monomolecular films at the argon-buffer interface. To minimize(More)
Mammalian synaptic membranes appear to contain high proportions of specific, sn-1-stearoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl- and sn-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl phosphoglycerides, but the structural significance of this is unclear. Here we used a standardized approach to compare the properties of homogeneous monolayers of the corresponding phosphatidylcholines,(More)
Among amphitropic proteins, human glycolipid transfer protein (GLTP) forms a structurally-unique fold that translocates on/off membranes to specifically transfer glycolipids. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) bilayers with curvature-induced packing stress stimulate much faster glycolipid intervesicular transfer than nonstressed PC bilayers raising questions about(More)
OBJECTIVE Olopatadine, an effective topical ocular human conjunctival mast cell stabilizer/antihistaminic antiallergic drug, was evaluated and compared to selected classical antihistamines for their interaction with model and natural membranes to ascertain potential functional consequences of such interactions. METHODS The model membranes examined(More)
The interfacial interactions occurring between cholesterol and either galactosylceramides (GalCers) or sphingomyelins (SMs) with identical acyl chains have been investigated using Langmuir film balance techniques. Included among the synthesized GalCers and SMs were species containing palmitoyl (16:0), stearoyl (18:0), oleoyl [18:1 delta 9(c)], nervonoyl(More)
Membrane microdomains, such as caveolae and rafts, are enriched in cholesterol and sphingomyelin, display liquid-ordered phase properties, and putatively function as protein organizing platforms. The goal of this investigation was to identify sterol and sphingomyelin structural features that modulate surface compression and solubilization by detergent(More)