Maureen Gatherer

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Development of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with failure of elimination of amyloid-β (Aβ) from the brain along perivascular basement membranes that form the pathways for drainage of interstitial fluid and solutes from the brain. In transgenic APP mouse models of AD, the severity of cerebral amyloid angiopathy(More)
A loss of inhibitory interneurons has been reported in the hippocampus following seizure activity in various animal models of epilepsy and in human epileptic tissue. The question of whether particular populations of inhibitory neurons are similarly affected by the chronic block of inhibition tha tresults after tetanus toxin injections directly into the(More)
We used in situ hybridization techniques to study the distribution of neurones synthesizing somatostatin mRNA and neuropeptide Y mRNA in the hilar region of the hippocampal formation of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. In the dentate gyrus, somatostatin mRNA- and neuropeptide Y mRNA-synthesizing neurones were found to be exclusively located within the(More)
The present study addresses whether seizures, which result from the chronic block of inhibition caused by an intrahippocampal injection of tetanus toxin, induce axonal sprouting of the hippocampal mossy fibres. Timm stain was used to identify the mossy fibre terminals. In nine of 15 animals killed at 1 month or later after an injection of tetanus toxin,(More)
The glutamate analogue kainic acid (KA) generates convulsions when applied systemically or directly into the brain and produces lesions comparable to those seen in Ammon's horn sclerosis, observed in many patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. The neurotoxic actions of KA in-vivo appear to be mediated by a combination of direct effects on neurons and(More)
AIM Microglia form a high proportion of cells in glial tumours but their role in supporting or inhibiting tumour growth is unclear. Here we describe the establishment of an in vitro model to investigate their role in astrocytomas. METHODS Rat hippocampal slices were prepared and, after 7 days to allow microglia to become quiescent, rat C6 astrocytic(More)
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and to date there is no cure or efficient prophylaxis. The cognitive decline correlates with the accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the walls of capillaries and arteries. Our group has demonstrated that interstitial fluid and Aβ are eliminated from the brain along the basement membranes of(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the radiation doses received by the personnel drawing up and injecting the radiopharmaceutical and operating the nuclear scintigraphy equipment, and those restraining nine horses while they were being scanned during scintigraphic investigations of lameness. Sensitive electronic dosimeters were worn by the personnel and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide deposition in brain parenchyma as plaques and in cerebral blood vessels as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). CAA deposition leads to several clinical complications, including intracerebral hemorrhage. The underlying molecular mechanisms that regulate plaque and CAA deposition in the vast(More)
The distribution of neuropeptide Y immunoreactive (NPY-ir) neurons in organotypic cultures of hippocampi from neonates was compared to that seen in adult rats. In addition to the known NPY-ir neurons in the hippocampus proper and in the hilus of the fascia dentata, isolated, large, multipolar, NPY-ir neurons were observed in the subiculum and in areas CA1(More)