Maureen Dobbins

Learn More
BACKGROUND Several groups have outlined methodologies for systematic literature reviews of the effectiveness of interventions. The Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) began in 1998. Its mandate is to provide research evidence to guide and support the Ontario Ministry of Health in outlining minimum requirements for public health services in the(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.9 million deaths worldwide are attributable to physical inactivity and at least 2.6 million deaths are a result of being overweight or obese. In addition, WHO estimates that physical inactivity causes 10% to 16% of cases each of breast cancer, colon, and rectal cancers as well as type 2(More)
CONTEXT Significant resources and time are invested in the production of research knowledge. The primary objective of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of three knowledge translation and exchange strategies in the incorporation of research evidence into public health policies and programs. METHODS This trial was conducted(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this paper is to construct a comprehensive framework of research dissemination and utilization that is useful for both health policy and clinical decision-making. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT The framework illustrates that the process of the adoption of research evidence into health-care decision-making is influenced by a variety of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to discover public health decision makers' preferences for content, format, and channels for receiving research knowledge, so as to begin development of a comprehensive national public health knowledge transfer strategy. A preliminary knowledge transfer strategy developed in part from the views expressed by public(More)
BACKGROUND A knowledge broker (KB) is a popular knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) strategy emerging in Canada to promote interaction between researchers and end users, as well as to develop capacity for evidence-informed decision making. A KB provides a link between research producers and end users by developing a mutual understanding of goals and(More)
Models that describe the key features and intended effects of specific knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) interventions are much less prominent than models that provide a more general understanding of KTE. Our aim was to develop a model in order to describe the key features and intended effects of deliberative dialogues used as a KTE strategy and to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which systematic reviews of public health interventions influenced public health decisions and which factors were associated with influencing these decisions. METHODS This cross-sectional follow-up survey evaluated the use of five systematic reviews in public health decision making. Independent variables included(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which public health decision makers used five systematic reviews to make policy decisions, and to determine which characteristics predict their use. METHODS This cross-sectional follow-up study of public health decision makers in Ontario collected primary data using a telephone survey and a short, self-administered(More)
In early 2002, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Institute of Population and Public Health (CIHR-IPPH), with the advice of a multi-agency working group, embarked on a review of the literature to examine the issues and barriers related to Canadian population and public health (PPH) knowledge generation, dissemination and exchange, and uptake. The(More)