Maureen C. Whalen

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To develop a model system for molecular genetic analysis of plant-pathogen interactions, we studied the interaction between Arabidopsis thaliana and the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst). Pst strains were found to be virulent or avirulent on specific Arabidopsis ecotypes, and single ecotypes were resistant to some Pst strains and(More)
The rice Xa21 gene confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae in a race-specific manner. Analysis of the inheritance patterns and resistance spectra of transgenic plants carrying six Xa21 gene family members indicated that one member, designated Xa21D, displayed a resistance spectrum identical to that observed for Xa21 but conferred only partial(More)
The Bs2 resistance gene of pepper specifically recognizes and confers resistance to strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria that contain the corresponding bacterial avirulence gene, avrBs2. The involvement of avrBs2 in pathogen fitness and its prevalence in many X. campestris pathovars suggests that the Bs2 gene may be durable in the field and(More)
The rice resistance gene Xa21 confers resistance against the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo). The molecular genetic mechanism controlling the integration of the Xa21-mediated disease resistance response with the developmental program in rice is under study in this model system. Reproducible means of infecting plants at certain(More)
Resistance in tomato line Hawaii 7998 as well as in several nonhost plants to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria tomato strain (XcvT) is mediated in part by the avirulence gene avrRxv. Analysis of growth of wild-type and avrRxv deletion strains indicates that avrRxv plays a crucial role in the ability of XcvT 92-14 to induce resistance on Hawaii 7998.(More)
Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is the causal agent of leaf spot disease on pepper and tomato. On non-host plants, such as bean, soybean, cowpea, alfalfa, and cotton, X. campestris pv. vesicatoria is unable to cause disease, inducing instead a hypersensitive resistance response (HR). Since avirulence genes from X. campestris pv. vesicatoria(More)
Metabolic engineering to enhance production of isoprenoid metabolites for industrial and medical purposes is an important goal. The substrate for isoprenoid synthesis in plants is produced by the mevalonate pathway (MEV) in the cytosol and by the 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway in plastids. A multi-gene approach was employed to insert the(More)
AvrRxv is a member of a family of pathogen effectors present in pathogens of both plant and mammalian species. Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria strains carrying AvrRxv induce a hypersensitive response (HR) in the tomato cultivar Hawaii 7998. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified a 14-3-3 protein from tomato that interacts with AvrRxv called(More)
The molecular and genetic control of the interaction between tomato races of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (XcvT) and tomato was studied. Based on inoculation phenotype and analysis of in planta bacterial growth, tomato line Hawaii 7998 is resistant to XcvT race 1 75-3 but not to XcvT race 2 89-1. Two cosmid clones from a genomic library of XcvT(More)
The control of primary root growth in Zea mays cv. Merit by ethylene was examined. At applied concentrations of ethylene equal to or greater than 0.1 microliter L-1, root elongation during 24 h was inhibited. The half-maximal response occurred at 0.6 microliter L-1 and the response saturated at 6 microliters L-1. Inhibition of elongation took place(More)