Learn More
The BRAF V600E mutation has been associated with microsatellite instability and the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in colon cancer. We evaluated a large population-based sample of individuals with colon cancer to determine its relationship to survival and other clinicopathologic variables. The V600E BRAF mutation was seen in 5% (40 of 803) of(More)
Hyperemesis gravidarum or severe vomiting during pregnancy is a condition of elusive etiology that can harm both mother and fetus. This study examined the association between increased bitter-taste perception and history of hyperemesis gravidarum. Bitter-taste perception varies genetically and can be altered with conditions that damage taste-related cranial(More)
The authors tested the hypothesis that consumption of whole grain is associated with greater insulin sensitivity and lower body mass index (BMI) (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) in adolescents and that this association is stronger among the heaviest adolescents. Two 127-item food frequency questionnaires were administered at the mean ages of 13 years (standard(More)
BACKGROUND Low dietary folate intake is associated with several neoplasias, but reports are inconsistent for breast cancer. Additionally, the association of folate with breast cancer estrogen receptor (ER) status is not well established. OBJECTIVE To determine if dietary intakes of folate, B-vitamins (B2, B6, B12) and methionine are associated with breast(More)
Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) is involved in the activation and metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tobacco products. The authors evaluated the association of two polymorphisms in the CYP1A1 gene--the noncoding Msp I polymorphism in the 3'-untranslated region and the Ile462Val polymorphism in exon 7--with colon and rectal cancer. The authors used(More)
The epidemic of type 2 diabetes among children, adolescents and adults is increasing along with the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity. Overweight is the most powerful modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Intake of wholegrain foods may reduce diabetes risk. Three prospective studies in 160000 men and women examined the relationship of(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays a major role in the metabolism of bile acids, cholesterol and triglycerides, and has recently been proposed as being involved in the carcinogenic process. Given the potential role of bile acids in colorectal cancer etiology, it is reasonable that colorectal cancer risk might be modified by apoE genotype. We used data collected(More)
In 2001, the National Cancer Institute funded three centers to test the feasibility of establishing a cohort of American Indian and Alaska Native people. Participating tribal organizations named the study EARTH (Education and Research Towards Health). This paper describes the study methods. A computerized data collection and tracking system was developed(More)
Numerous properties suggest that antioxidants and carotenoids may be valuable chemopreventive agents. A population-based case-control study of 952 rectal cancer cases and 1,205 controls from Northern California and Utah was conducted between September 1997 and February 2002. Detailed diet history, medical history, and lifestyle factors interviews were(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic diseases affect 52% of Americans and consume 86% of health care costs. A small portion of patients consume most health care resources and costs. More intensive patient management strategies, such as case management, are usually more effective at improving health outcomes, but are also more expensive. To use limited resources efficiently,(More)