Learn More
The BRAF V600E mutation has been associated with microsatellite instability and the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in colon cancer. We evaluated a large population-based sample of individuals with colon cancer to determine its relationship to survival and other clinicopathologic variables. The V600E BRAF mutation was seen in 5% (40 of 803) of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The concept of a CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), especially in microsatellite stable colon cancer, is not accepted universally. We therefore evaluated a large population-based sample of individuals with colon cancer and used univariate and multivariate analyses of CIMP with clinicopathologic variables and tumor mutations to(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of breast cancer varies among women living in the Southwestern part of the US. We evaluate how body size influences breast cancer risk among these women. METHODS Cases (n = 2,325) diagnosed with breast cancer between October 1, 1999 and May 2004 residing in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, or Utah were matched to controls (n =(More)
Physical activity may influence breast cancer risk through multiple mechanisms and at different periods in life. In this study we evaluate breast cancer risk associated with total and vigorous physical activity at ages 15, 30, and 50 years and the referent year prior to diagnosis/selection. Participants were non-Hispanic white (NHW) (1527 cases and 1601(More)
The authors tested the hypothesis that consumption of whole grain is associated with greater insulin sensitivity and lower body mass index (BMI) (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) in adolescents and that this association is stronger among the heaviest adolescents. Two 127-item food frequency questionnaires were administered at the mean ages of 13 years (standard(More)
We hypothesized that the risk of colorectal cancer associated with meat preparation methods producing heterocyclic amines or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is modified by the CYP1A1 genotype alone or in combination with the GSTM1 genotype or the NAT2 imputed phenotype. A total of 952 rectal cancer cases and 1205 controls (between September 1997 and(More)
Estrogen and androgens are thought to be involved in the etiology of colorectal cancer. We evaluate genetic variants of the estrogen receptor genes (ERalpha and ERbeta) and the androgen receptor gene (AR). We use data from two large case-control studies of colon (n = 1,580 cases and 1,968 controls) and rectal (n = 797 cases and 1,016 controls) cancer. We(More)
We hypothesize that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is associated with colorectal cancer given its association with insulin, diabetes, obesity, and inflammation. In this study, we evaluated the association between colorectal cancer and specific tumor mutations and the Pro12Ala (P12A) PPARgamma polymorphism. We also evaluated(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed reliability and relative validity of a self-administered computer-assisted dietary history questionnaire (DHQ) for use in a prospective study of diet, lifestyle, and chronic disease in American Indians in the Dakotas and Southwestern US and Alaska Native people. DESIGN Reliability was assessed by one-month test-retest of the dietary(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is one of a group of ligand-activated nuclear receptors responsible for regulation of glucose, lipid homeostasis, cell differentiation, and apoptosis. The 12 proline-to-alanine (Pro12Ala) substitution polymorphism in PPARgamma produces proteins with lower activity. Variation in PPARgamma(More)