Maureen A. Lyons-Weiler

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Prostate cancer is characterized by heterogeneity in the clinical course that often does not correlate with morphologic features of the tumor. Metastasis reflects the most adverse outcome of prostate cancer, and to date there are no reliable morphologic features or serum biomarkers that can reliably predict which patients are at higher risk of developing(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated a high frequency of IDH mutations in adult “secondary” malignant gliomas arising from preexisting lower grade lesions, often in young adults, but not in “primary” gliomas. Because pediatric malignant gliomas share some molecular features with adult secondary gliomas, we questioned whether a subset of these tumors also(More)
BACKGROUND The overall 5-year survival rate of approximately 60% for head and neck cancer patients has remained essentially unchanged over the past 30 years. MicroRNA-137 (miR-137) plays an essential role in cell-cycle control at the G1/S-phase checkpoint. However, the aberrant miR-137 promoter methylation observed in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and(More)
PURPOSE Malignancies found in unexpected locations or with poorly differentiated morphologies can pose a significant challenge for tissue of origin determination. Current histologic and imaging techniques fail to yield definitive identification of the tissue of origin in a significant number of cases. The aim of this study was to validate a predefined(More)
Clinical workup of metastatic malignancies of unknown origin is often arduous and expensive and is reported to be unsuccessful in 30 to 60% of cases. Accurate classification of uncertain primary cancers may improve with microarray-based gene expression testing. We evaluated the analytical performance characteristics of the Pathwork tissue of origin test,(More)
The use of chromosomal copy number changes as markers for tumor behavior or as prognostic markers for patient outcome has been suggested. However, current clinically used technologies cannot perform genome-wide assessment of chromosome copy number and analysis of loss of heterozygosity in the same assay for paraffin-embedded tissue. We have optimized the(More)
BACKGROUND Alkylating agents are commonly used in the treatment of childhood malignant gliomas. Overexpression of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) constitutes an important mechanism for resistance to such agents, and MGMT status has been associated with outcome in several recent trials. Deficiency in mismatch repair (MMR) function has been(More)
Renal tumors with complex or unusual morphology require extensive workup for accurate classification. Chromosomal aberrations that define subtypes of renal epithelial neoplasms have been reported. We explored if whole-genome chromosome copy number and loss-of-heterozygosity analysis with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays can be used to identify(More)
The effect of different amplification and labeling methods on DNA microarray expression results has not been previously delineated. To analyze the variation associated with widely accepted T7-based RNA amplificationand labeling methods, aliquots of the Stratagene Human Universal Reference RNA were labeled using three eukaryotic target preparation methods(More)
BACKGROUND More than a million diagnostic cardiac catheterizations are performed annually in the US for evaluation of coronary artery anatomy and the presence of atherosclerosis. Nearly half of these patients have no significant coronary lesions or do not require mechanical or surgical revascularization. Consequently, the ability to rule out clinically(More)