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The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings,(More)
Acknowledgements: We are grateful to Rebecca Kinsey who compiled much of the original data, especially the perceptions-based corruption data, and to Uribe for providing invaluable insights and useful comments. Abstract The impacts of health care investments in developing and transition countries are typically measured by inputs and general health outcomes.(More)
Foreword R esearchers and policymakers recognize that availability and use of high-speed Internet services – a range of connection technologies collectively known as broadband – are essential to economic growth. The United States has made considerable progress towards ubiquitous broadband access, with more than 93 percent of the population living in areas(More)
Previous work shows that higher levels of education quality (as measured by international student achievement tests) increases growth rates of national income. This paper begins by confirming those findings in an analysis involving more countries over more time with additional controls. We then use the panel structure of our data to assess whether the(More)
Preface It is hardly a secret that the International Monetary Fund has won few friends among the many organizations and individuals who work in global health. Those who have worked hard in the past decade to mobilize unprecedented levels of funding and attention for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other health programs in low-income countries have(More)
Pooling is the health system function whereby collected health revenues are transferred to purchasing organisations. Pooling ensures that the risk related to financing health interventions is borne by all the members of the pool and not by each contributor individually. Its main purpose is to share the financial risk associated with health interventions for(More)