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OBJECTIVES To evaluate whether patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS) had i) changes in coagulative and fibrinolytic parameters associated with CS activity and ii) higher prevalence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE). DESIGN Prospective study conducted on patients with CS evaluated at diagnosis and 12 months after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty(More)
Cystatin C (Cys C) is a cysteine protease inhibitor produced at a constant rate by nucleated cells, filtered through the glomerular membrane and reabsorbed by kidney tubular cells. Aim of this cross-sectional and longitudinal study was to assess serum Cys C and creatinine (Crea) concentrations in thyroid dysfunction. One hundred and eighty-one patients, 26(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating antipituitary antibodies (APA) are markers of autoimmune hypophysitis, which may cause deficient pituitary function. The prevalence of APA in autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITD) is uncertain. OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were 1) to evaluate APA prevalence in a large series of patients with AITD and non-AITD and 2) to(More)
BACKGROUND Results of circulating Ghrelin levels in hyper- or hypothyroidism are conflicting and only overt thyroid dysfunction has been evaluated. AIM To evaluate in a large number of patients with thyroid disfunction whether: a) hyper- and hypothyroidism (clinical or subclinical) are associated with variations in both acylated (AG) and total Ghrelin(More)
Microvessel density (MVD) represents a measure of angiogenesis and may be used as an indicator of neoplastic aggressiveness. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role as angiogenic promoter by stimulating endothelial cell proliferation and migration and enhancing vascular permeability. The aim of this study was to investigate MVD and(More)
OBJECTIVE ALS is the most common motor neurone disorder in human adults. Scanty data on endocrine abnormalities have been reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate the GH-IGF-I axis in ALS patients. PATIENTS Twenty-two ALS patients (12 men, 10 women), mean age 61 years, and 25 normal age- and sex-matched subjects. No patient was under(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases are a major focus of scientific and clinical interest because of their increasing medical and social importance. Due to the intimate connections between central nervous and endocrine systems, it is reasonable to suspect that important, and in some cases clinically relevant, endocrine modifications may accompany the progression of(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the most common motor neurone disorder in human adults, is characterized by selective and progressive degeneration of upper and lower motor neurones in the central nervous system. The main currently available drug for ALS treatment is riluzole, a compound that acts through inhibition of glutamate release, postsynaptic(More)
GH secretion is impaired in most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), although the secretion of the other anterior pituitary hormones is unaffected. However, whether restoration of euparathyroidism is associated with reversal of GH deficiency in PHP patients is not known. To address this issue, we studied 30 consecutive patients with PHP due to(More)