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We evaluated the effects of increasing concentrations of the flavonoids salvigenin, diosmetin and luteolin on the in vitro metabolism of midazolam (MDZ), a probe substrate for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A enzymes, which is converted into 1'-hydroxy-midazolam (1'-OH-MDZ) and 4-hydroxy-midazolam (4-OH-MDZ) by human liver microsomes. Salvigenin had only a modest(More)
In this study, three rapid assay techniques for the determination of glutathione, one enzymatic, one fluorometric and one newly patented colorimetric method, were compared by measuring reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione in guinea-pig heart and liver. The HPLC technique was used as a standard, since it is considered the most reliable assay method.(More)
Cerebellar granule neurons maintained in medium containing serum and 25 mM K+ reliably undergo an apoptotic death when switched to serum-free medium with 5 mM K+. New mRNA and protein synthesis and formation of reactive oxygen intermediates are required steps in K+ deprivation-induced apoptosis of these neurons. Here we show that neurotrophins, members of(More)
When genetically incompatible colonies of the compound ascidian Botryllus schlosseri contact each other, a rejection reaction occurs, characterised by the appearance of cytotoxic foci along the touching borders. In the course of this reaction, morula cells, a common haemocyte-type in ascidians, release their vacuolar content, mainly phenoloxidase and its(More)
In this study, we injected 10 mg/kg kainate i.p. into rats. This resulted in a brain injury, which we quantified in the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the pyriform cortex. Neuronal damage was preceded by a set of typical behavioral signs and by biochemical changes (noradrenaline decrease and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid increase) in the affected brain areas.(More)
The brain consumes large quantities of oxygen relative to its contribution to total body mass. This, together with its paucity of oxidative defense mechanisms, places this organ at risk for damage mediated by reactive oxygen species. The pineal secretory product melatonin possesses broad-spectrum free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities, and(More)
Reduced glutathione (GSH) is a key component of the cellular defense cascade against injury caused by reactive oxygen species. Because kainic acid (KA) neurotoxicity is probably mediated at least in part by oxidative stress, we examined the influence of KA treatment on GSH content and GSH-related enzyme activities in adult rats. A single injection of KA (10(More)
AIMS Determination of systemic inulin clearance by the standard technique of constant intravenous infusion has long been accepted as a reliable method for measuring glomerular filtration rate (GFR) without urine collection, except in oedematous patients. However, recent studies using standard clearance techniques have claimed that systemic inulin clearance(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma creatinine concentration and calculated creatinine clearance are of limited value as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) markers in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. We assessed plasma cystatin C as an indicator of GFR in such patients. METHODS We studied 36 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis and 56 noncirrhotic(More)
Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and wine. It has antioxidant and antiproliferative activities, and has been shown to induce NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, also known as DT-diaphorase, in cultured mouse hepatoma cells. DT-diaphorase is a detoxifying enzyme for quinone-containing substances, due to its(More)