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Cerebellar granule neurons maintained in medium containing serum and 25 mM K+ reliably undergo an apoptotic death when switched to serum-free medium with 5 mM K+. New mRNA and protein synthesis and formation of reactive oxygen intermediates are required steps in K+ deprivation-induced apoptosis of these neurons. Here we show that neurotrophins, members of(More)
The potassium sparing diuretic amiloride at concentrations ranging between 0.1-0.8 mM inhibited the Na+/Ca2+ exchange in sarcolemmal vesicles isolated from beef heart. The rate of exchange activity was 50% reduced by 0.35 mM amiloride. In spontaneously beating atria isolated from normal and reserpinized guinea-pigs, amiloride produced a(More)
In this study, three rapid assay techniques for the determination of glutathione, one enzymatic, one fluorometric and one newly patented colorimetric method, were compared by measuring reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione in guinea-pig heart and liver. The HPLC technique was used as a standard, since it is considered the most reliable assay method.(More)
We evaluated the effects of increasing concentrations of the flavonoids salvigenin, diosmetin and luteolin on the in vitro metabolism of midazolam (MDZ), a probe substrate for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A enzymes, which is converted into 1'-hydroxy-midazolam (1'-OH-MDZ) and 4-hydroxy-midazolam (4-OH-MDZ) by human liver microsomes. Salvigenin had only a modest(More)
The large (L) surface glycoprotein of hepatitis B virus is an important component of the virion envelope derived from translation initiation at the 5' end of the PreS1 domain of the surface antigen open reading frame. Since key roles in virion assembly and infectivity have been postulated for this protein, further understanding of its structure and topology(More)
Three pairs of parental (rho+) and established mitochondrial DNA depleted (rho0) cells, derived from bone, lung and muscle were used to verify the influence of the nuclear background and the lack of efficient mitochondrial respiratory chain on antioxidant defences and homeostasis of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mitochondrial DNA depletion(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed (1) to evaluate the effect of a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 inhibitor, fluvoxamine, on the pharmacokinetics of intravenous lidocaine and its 2 pharmacologically active metabolites, monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) and glycinexylidide (GX), to confirm recent in vitro results indicating that CYP1A2 is the main isoform(More)
Cathepsin B is a cysteine protease that in tumor tissues is localized in both acidic lysosomes and extracellular spaces. It can catalyze the cleavage of peptide bonds by two mechanisms: endoproteolytic attack with a pH optimum around 7.4, and attack from the C-terminus with a pH optimum at 4.5-5.5. In this work, seven fluorescent, internally quenched,(More)
When genetically incompatible colonies of the compound ascidian Botryllus schlosseri contact each other, a rejection reaction occurs, characterised by the appearance of cytotoxic foci along the touching borders. In the course of this reaction, morula cells, a common haemocyte-type in ascidians, release their vacuolar content, mainly phenoloxidase and its(More)
In this study, we injected 10 mg/kg kainate i.p. into rats. This resulted in a brain injury, which we quantified in the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the pyriform cortex. Neuronal damage was preceded by a set of typical behavioral signs and by biochemical changes (noradrenaline decrease and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid increase) in the affected brain areas.(More)