OBJECTIVE Benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) is an enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces (SASs) that can be seen in young children. It is controversial whether children with BEH are predisposed to developing subdural hemorrhage (SDH) with or without trauma. This issue is clinically relevant as a finding of unexplained SDH raises concerns about child abuse… (More)
OBJECTIVE Determine the diagnostic usefulness of postimplantation 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and review magnet-related MRI complications. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective chart review with additional review of MRIs. SETTING Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS Twelve patients who underwent MRI after receiving a cochlear implant (CI). … (More)
INTRODUCTION Rapid MRI with ultrafast T2 sequences can be performed without sedation and is often used in place of computed tomography (CT) to evaluate pediatric patients for indications such as hydrocephalus. This study investigated the sensitivity of rapid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detection and follow-up of acute intracranial hemorrhage in… (More)
Investigators from the Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minnesota investigated the utility of three-dimensional (3D) double inversion recovery (DIR) sequences in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) in children and young adults with epilepsy.
Investigators from University of California Los Angeles, studied whether epileptogenic tubers in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) can be identified by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of branched-chain amino acid metabolism, which usually presents in childhood with encephalopathy due to cerebral edema and dysmyelination. Even with treatment, metabolic stressors may precipitate later episodes of acute decompensation. Changes related to cerebral and white matter edema have been described… (More)
Investigators from Children's National Medical Center and George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, studied the correlation between white matter tract changes and developmental outcomes in a series of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) treated with whole body cooling.