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BACKGROUND Behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) frequently presents complex behavioural changes, that rarely occur in isolation. Targeting behavioural phenotypes instead of single behavioural symptoms may potentially provide a disease model in which to investigate brain substrates of behavioural abnormalities. OBJECTIVE To identify(More)
The FOXP2 gene is mutated in a severe monogenic form of speech and language deficits, but no study on the influence of genetic variations within FOXP2 in neurological disorders characterized by language impairment is available yet. In the present study, we investigated the impact of common FOXP2 polymorphisms with regard to frontotemporal lobar degeneration(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is a clinical entity characterized by higher cortical dysfunctions associated with asymmetric onset of levodopa-resistant parkinsonism, dystonia and myoclonus. One of the most typical and distressful features of CBS is limb apraxia, which affects patients in their everyday life. Transcranial direct current(More)
Granulin (GRN) mutations have been identified as a major cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) by haploinsufficiency mechanism, although their effects on brain tissue dysfunction and damage still remain to be clarified. In this study, we investigated the pattern of neuroimaging abnormalities in FTLD patients, carriers and noncarriers of GRN(More)
BACKGROUND Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is an untreatable neurodegenerative disorder that disrupts language functions. Previous studies have demonstrated transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may improve language symptoms in patients with post stroke aphasia or neurodegenerative diseases. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated whether the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by non-fluent speech with naming impairment and grammatical errors. It has been recently demonstrated that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) improves action naming in healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Impulse Control Disorder symptoms (ICD) in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been recently associated by magnetic Resonance imaging with impaired cortico-striatal connectivity, especially between left putamen and frontal associative areas. METHODS 84 patients entered the study (21 PD-ICD+ and 64 PD-ICD-) and underwent DATSCAN imaging. The striatal(More)
The 43-kD transactive response (TAR)-DNA-binding protein (TARDBP) mutations have been demonstrated to be causative of sporadic and familial forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. More recently, these mutations have been reported in cases of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of TARDBP genetic variations(More)
BACKGROUND A careful characterization of behavioral abnormalities in corticobasal degeneration syndrome (CBDS) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) by reliable tools is still lacking. Literature data provided evidence of the usefulness of the Frontal Behavioral Inventory (FBI) to operationalize such disturbances, particularly in the frontotemporal lobar(More)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is one of the most important neurodegenerative conditions and Granulin (GRN) is one of the major genes associated to the disease. FTD-GRN patients are still orphan for any evidence-based target-therapy approach. Interestingly, it has been recently found that alkalizing agents rescued haploinsufficiency in cellular models(More)