Maura Barr

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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), is characterized by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In UC, inflammation is confined to the mucosa, initially involving the rectum, and may extend proximally to involve the entire colon. In CD, transmural inflammation may affect any portion of the GI(More)
Previous animal and patient-based studies have shown that omeprazole induces a transepithelial paracellular gastric leak. This study reports on the potential for an omeprazole-induced leak of drugs with narrow therapeutic windows. Ussing chamber experiments investigated the effects of omeprazole on rat gastric corpus permeability to the drugs, digoxin and(More)
There are a myriad of clinical conditions whose disease etiology involves leakiness of an epithelial and/or endothelial barrier. To underscore the medical usefulness of agents that can augment barrier function, the theme of this special issue, two disease areas are highlighted. The first is the phenomenon of " leaky gut " which can play relatively obvious(More)
From 105 field cases of diarrhea in neonatal or young foals, rotavirus was detected by electron microscopy (EM) and/or by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the feces of 65 foals on 16 different premises. ELISA was performed with Rotazyme test kits developed by Abbot and Company for the detection of rotaviruses. Twenty-four field isolates from the(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and Helicobacter pylori are well-recognized causes of gastroduodenal mucosal damage. This damage is mediated through the effects of both agents on acid secretion, neutrophil activity and function, and prosta- glandin metabolism. Clinical trials on the interrelation- ship between H. pylori, NSAIDs and(More)
BACKGROUND Delivery of a pharmacologically effective drug dosage to a target tissue is critical. Barrett's epithelia are a unique challenge for drug delivery of orally administered zinc due to rapid transit down the esophageal lumen, incomplete absorptive differentiation of these epithelia, and the use of proton-pump inhibitor drugs abrogating intestinal(More)
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