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OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term (preoperative to 5 years postoperative) and late (1-5 years postoperative) changes in cognitive test performance in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting. SETTING The departments of surgery and neurology at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md. PATIENTS A group of 102 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Watershed strokes are more prevalent after cardiac surgery than in other stroke populations, but their mechanism in this setting is not understood. We investigated the role of intraoperative blood pressure in the development of watershed strokes and used MRI to evaluate diagnosis and outcomes associated with this stroke subtype. (More)
BACKGROUND It is widely assumed that decline in cognition after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is related to use of the cardiopulmonary bypass pump. Because most studies have not included comparable control groups, it remains unclear whether postoperative cognitive changes are specific to cardiopulmonary bypass, general aspects of surgery, or(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As a result of advances in surgical, anesthetic, and medical management, cardiac surgery can now be performed on older, sicker patients, some of whom have had prior cardiac interventions. As surgical mortality has declined in recent years, attention has focused on the complications of stroke and encephalopathy after cardiac surgery.(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to perioperative stroke, much less attention has been paid to those with evidence of diffuse brain encephalopathy, presenting as delirium, confusion, coma, and seizures in the immediate postoperative period. OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence, consequences, and predictive factors for encephalopathy and stroke following coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE The choice of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as an intervention for coronary artery disease has been clouded by concerns about postoperative cognitive decline. Long-term cognitive decline after CABG has been reported, but without appropriate control subjects, it is not known whether this decline is specific to CABG or related to other(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a frequently performed surgical procedure that can be associated with neurological complications. Some studies have demonstrated that new focal brain lesions, detected by MRI, can develop after CABG. Furthermore, it has been suggested that the presence of such new lesions is associated with a(More)
P atients referred for coronary revascularization procedures are older and are likely to have more extensive extracardiac vascular disease than those referred for such procedures in the past. Despite these trends, mortality rates for coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG), without concurrent procedures, have continued to decline. 1 Nevertheless, adverse(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether depression 1 month after coronary artery bypass surgery would be associated with greater cardiac morbidity in patients 5 years later. The cardiac symptom most affected by depression was the recurrence of angina. Factors associated with a return of angina at 5 years were depression measured preoperatively,(More)
OBJECTIVE Delirium is common after cardiac surgery, although under-recognized, and its long-term consequences are likely underestimated. The primary goal of this study was to determine whether patients with delirium after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have higher long-term out-of-hospital mortality when compared with CABG patients without(More)