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BACKGROUND The objective of this multicentre randomized, controlled clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and a depot-GnRH-analogue in the control of endometriosis-related pain over a period of six months. METHODS Eighty-two women, 18 to 40 years of age (mean 30 years), with endometriosis,(More)
BACKGROUND Follistatin is an activin-binding protein produced by several tissues, including endometrium and endometriotic implants. We aimed to quantify follistatin in patients with ovarian endometriosis and investigate its value as a diagnostic marker. METHODS Women undergoing laparoscopic excision of ovarian endometrioma (n = 52) or other benign ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND Efforts have been made to correctly characterize the role of the immune response in endometriosis. The objective of this study was to analyse the interaction between Th1 and Th2 immune response patterns and endometriosis by evaluating a panel of cytokines. METHODS Between January 2004 and November 2005, 98 patients, classified into two groups(More)
study question: Can we use chemokines as biomarkers to diagnose patients with endometriosis in clinical practice? summary answer: Some chemokines, especially CXCL8 (IL-8), CCL-2 (MCP-1) and CCL5 (RANTES), have the potential to work as biomarkers to identify patients with endometriosis but their accuracy could be improved by combination with other(More)
BACKGROUND Successful surgical treatment of deep bowel endometriosis depends on obtaining detailed information about the lesions, prior to the procedure. The objective of this study was to determine the capability of transvaginal ultrasonography with bowel preparation (TVUS-BP) to predict the presence of one or more rectosigmoid nodules and the deepest(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate serum concentrations of CA-125 and soluble CD-23 and to correlate them with clinical symptoms, localization and stage of pelvic endometriosis and histological classification of the disease. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 44 women with endometriosis and 58 without endometriosis, during the first three days (1st sample) and(More)
BACKGROUND Endometriosis is regarded as a complex and heterogeneous disease in which genetic and environmental factors contribute to the phenotype. The Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) plays important roles in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The present study was aimed at investigating the contribution of VEGF polymorphisms as risk factors for(More)
Microlaparoscopy represents the development of endoscopic surgery towards a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The advantages include fewer surgical complications, faster return to daily activities, more comfortable postoperative recovery, and satisfactory aesthetic results. The possibility of performing surgery under sedation may result in shorter(More)
Endometriosis, a highly prevalent gynecological disease, can lead to infertility in moderate to severe cases. Whether minimal stages are associated with infertility is still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review is to present studies regarding the association between pregnancy rates and the presence of early stages of endometriosis. Studies(More)
Oxidative stress is associated with many disease states including gynecologic disease. This process can damage lipids, proteins and DNA. The present study highlights the role of oxidative stress induced DNA damage as measured by 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine in development of benign gynecological conditions (BGC). Our aim was to map the oxidative DNA damage on(More)