Maud Rivard

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BACKGROUND RNA-DEPENDENT RNA POLYMERASE6 (RDR6) and SUPPRESSOR of GENE SILENCING 3 (SGS3) are required for DNA methylation and post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) mediated by 21-nt siRNAs produced by sense transgenes (S-PTGS). In contrast, RDR2, but not RDR6, is required for DNA methylation and TGS mediated by 24-nt siRNAs, and for cell-to-cell(More)
Two hallmark features of meiosis are i) the formation of crossovers (COs) between homologs and ii) the production of genetically-unique haploid spores that will fuse to restore the somatic ploidy level upon fertilization. In this study we analysed meiosis in haploid Arabidopsis thaliana plants and a range of haploid mutants to understand how meiosis(More)
Introduction of clonal reproduction through seeds (apomixis) in crops has the potential to revolutionize agriculture by allowing self-propagation of any elite variety, in particular F1 hybrids. In the sexual model plant Arabidopsis thaliana synthetic clonal reproduction through seeds can be artificially implemented by (i) combining three mutations to turn(More)
Posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) mediated by sense transgenes (S-PTGS) results in RNA degradation and DNA methylation of the transcribed region. Through a forward genetic screen, a mutant defective in the Histone3 Lysine4 di/trimethyl (H3K4me2/3) demethylase Jumonji-C (JmjC) domain-containing protein14 (JMJ14) was identified. This mutant(More)
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