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In this work we review data on cortical generators of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) in humans, as inferred from dipolar modelling of scalp EEG/MEG results, as well as from intracranial data recorded with subdural grids or intracortical electrodes. The cortical regions most consistently tagged as sources of scalp LERs are the suprasylvian region (parietal(More)
We studied responses of the parieto-frontal opercular cortex to electric stimuli, as recorded by intra-cortical electrodes during stereotactic EEG presurgical assessment of patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. After electrical stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist, we consistently recorded a negative-positive biphasic response peaking(More)
We report the response properties of the suprasylvian opercular and insular cortices to a painful stimulation delivered by a CO(2) laser recorded by depth intracerebral electrodes in epileptic patients. We defined two cortical areas of activation in the operculo-insular cortex in response to a painful laser stimulation: a suprasylvian opercular area, where(More)
Insular and SII cortices have been consistently shown by PET, fMRI, EPs, and MEG techniques to be activated bilaterally by a nociceptive stimulation. The aim of the present study was to refer to, and to compare within a common stereotactic space, the nociceptive responses obtained in humans by (i) PET, (ii) fMRI, (iii) dipole modeling of scalp LEPs, and(More)
The SII area and the posterior insular region are both activated by thermal stimuli in functional imaging studies. However, controversy remains as to a possible differential encoding of thermal intensity by each of these 2 contiguous areas. Using CO(2) laser stimulations, we analyzed the modifications induced by increasing thermal energy on evoked(More)
We studied responses of the parieto-frontal opercular cortex to CO2-laser stimulation of A delta fiber endings, as recorded by intra-cortical electrodes during stereotactic-EEG (SEEG) presurgical assessment of patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. After CO2-laser stimulation of the skin at the dorsum of the hand, we consistently recorded in(More)
The cingulate cortex (CC) as a part of the "medial" pain subsystem is generally assumed to be involved in the affective and/or cognitive dimensions of pain processing, which are viewed as relatively slow processes compared with the sensory-discriminative pain coding by the lateral second somatosensory area (SII)-insular cortex. The present study aimed at(More)
Median nerve somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) have been recorded using intracortical electrodes stereotactically implanted in the frontal lobe of eight epileptic patients in order to assess the waveforms, latencies and surface-to-depth distributions of somatosensory responses generated in the anterior subdivision of supplementary motor areas (SMAs),(More)
In this study we compare the intrinsic characteristics and localization of nociceptive CO(2) laser evoked potential (LEP) and non-nociceptive electrical EP (SEP) sources recorded by deep electrodes (one to two electrodes per patient, 10-15 contacts per electrode) directly implanted in the supra-sylvian cortex of 15 epileptic patients. Early CO(2) laser(More)
The respective roles of the ventral posterior complex (VP) and of the more recently described VMpo (posterior part of the ventral medial nucleus) as thalamic relays for pain and temperature pathways have recently been the subject of controversy. Data we obtained in one patient after a limited left thalamic infarct bring some new insights into this debate.(More)