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In this work we review data on cortical generators of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) in humans, as inferred from dipolar modelling of scalp EEG/MEG results, as well as from intracranial data recorded with subdural grids or intracortical electrodes. The cortical regions most consistently tagged as sources of scalp LERs are the suprasylvian region (parietal(More)
We report the response properties of the suprasylvian opercular and insular cortices to a painful stimulation delivered by a CO(2) laser recorded by depth intracerebral electrodes in epileptic patients. We defined two cortical areas of activation in the operculo-insular cortex in response to a painful laser stimulation: a suprasylvian opercular area, where(More)
We studied responses of the parieto-frontal opercular cortex to electric stimuli, as recorded by intra-cortical electrodes during stereotactic EEG presurgical assessment of patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. After electrical stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist, we consistently recorded a negative-positive biphasic response peaking(More)
The SII area and the posterior insular region are both activated by thermal stimuli in functional imaging studies. However, controversy remains as to a possible differential encoding of thermal intensity by each of these 2 contiguous areas. Using CO(2) laser stimulations, we analyzed the modifications induced by increasing thermal energy on evoked(More)
Insular and SII cortices have been consistently shown by PET, fMRI, EPs, and MEG techniques to be activated bilaterally by a nociceptive stimulation. The aim of the present study was to refer to, and to compare within a common stereotactic space, the nociceptive responses obtained in humans by (i) PET, (ii) fMRI, (iii) dipole modeling of scalp LEPs, and(More)
The respective roles of the ventral posterior complex (VP) and of the more recently described VMpo (posterior part of the ventral medial nucleus) as thalamic relays for pain and temperature pathways have recently been the subject of controversy. Data we obtained in one patient after a limited left thalamic infarct bring some new insights into this debate.(More)
Laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) are acknowledged as the most reliable laboratory tool for assessing thermal and pain pathways. Electrical stimulation with a newly developed planar concentric electrode, delivering stimuli limited to the superficial skin layers, has been suggested to provide selective activation of Aδ fibres without the inconveniences linked(More)
We studied responses of the parieto-frontal opercular cortex to CO2-laser stimulation of A delta fiber endings, as recorded by intra-cortical electrodes during stereotactic-EEG (SEEG) presurgical assessment of patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. After CO2-laser stimulation of the skin at the dorsum of the hand, we consistently recorded in(More)
Emotions modulate pain perception, although the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. In this study, we show that intensity reports significantly increased when painful stimuli were concomitant to images showing human pain, whereas pictures with identical emotional values but without somatic content failed to modulate pain. Early(More)
The cingulate cortex (CC) as a part of the " medial " pain subsystem is generally assumed to be involved in the affective and/or cognitive dimensions of pain processing, which are viewed as relatively slow processes compared with the sensory-discriminative pain coding by the lateral second somatosensory area (SII)–insular cortex. The present study aimed at(More)