Maud B. Gorbet

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Our failure to produce truly non-thrombogenic materials may reflect a failure to fully understand the mechanisms of biomaterial-associated thrombosis. The community has focused on minimizing coagulation or minimizing platelet adhesion and activation. We have infrequently considered the interactions between the two although we are generally familiar with(More)
In the laboratory environment where biomaterials are synthesized and their biocompatibility assessed, we find that endotoxin contamination is hard to avoid and must not be ignored. In those relatively few cases where endotoxin was known to be present, it has been clearly shown that endotoxin can significantly affect the biological response observed and(More)
We investigated the use of a recombinant human elastin polypeptide as a coating on synthetic materials with a view to determining if these polypeptides could improve the blood compatibility of cardiovascular devices such as vascular conduits and arterial/venous catheters. Platelet adhesion and activation were studied in vitro using three commercially(More)
With isolated leukocytes, inhibiting complement reduced material-induced leukocyte activation (CD11b) with polyethylene glycol modified polystyrene beads (PS-PEG), but not with polystyrene beads (PS). The PS-PEG beads (TentaGel) were complement activating as measured by SC5b-9 levels consistent with the sensitivity of these beads to leukocyte inhibition(More)
Biomaterials activate leukocytes as well as platelets when exposed to blood. One feature of leukocyte activation at least at times beyond a few hours is tissue factor expression, contributing to a procoagulant state. We show here that platelet activation and specifically platelet-monocyte aggregate formation appears to be a precondition for tissue factor(More)
Beads (45 microm) of polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene glycol modified PS (TentaGel) with an amino or hydroxyl terminal group were incubated with blood to assess the effect of surface area and material chemistry on leukocyte activation. After a 2-hour incubation, blood contact with beads activated leukocytes in the bulk (tissue factor expression, CD11b(More)
In this study, we compared, for the first time, the release of a 432 kDa prostaglandin F2a analogue drug, Latanoprost, from commercially available contact lenses using in vitro models with corneal epithelial cells. Conventional polyHEMA-based and silicone hydrogel soft contact lenses were soaked in drug solution (131 μg = ml solution in phosphate buffered(More)
Neutrophil activation for adherent and nonadherent cells, as measured by flow cytometry, was not strongly dependent on material surface chemistry. We had hypothesized that material-induced neutrophil activation was an important parameter associated with material failure. All materials tested [cellophane, an acrylonitrile copolymer (AN69), Pellethane, nylon,(More)
The criteria for nonthrombogenicity are classically defined as long clotting times and minimal platelet deposition. The inability to point to unequivocal progress in the development of truly nonthrombogenic materials, highlights the inadequacy if not actually invalidity of these criteria. Our approach is to define nonthrombogenicity in terms of: (1) a(More)
PURPOSE To assess, in vitro, the effect of the release of contact lens multipurpose solutions (MPS) from two silicone hydrogel lenses on human corneal epithelial cells. METHODS A monolayer of immortalized human corneal epithelial cells was seeded in a 24-well plate in keratinocyte serum-free medium. Lotrafilcon A (LA) and balafilcon A (BA) lenses were(More)