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A plasmid vector, termed pSG5rab.gp, that expresses the rabies virus glycoprotein under the control of an SV40 early promoter, was tested in C3H/He mice for induction of rabies virus-specific immune responses. Mice immunized intramuscularly with the pSG5rab.gp vector developed rabies virus glycoprotein-specific cytolytic T cells, lymphokine-secreting T(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether human corneal epithelial cells and keratocytes produce chemokines regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) protein and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) after exposure to proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). METHODS Pure(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether substance P (SP), a neuropeptide with proinflammatory properties, specifically interacts with human corneal epithelial cells to stimulate synthesis of the chemokines interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte chemo-attractant protein (MCP)-1, and regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) protein. METHODS Primary(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide with proinflammatory activities, is released from termini of corneal sensory neurons in response to pain stimuli. Because neutrophil infiltration of the clear corneal surface is a hallmark of corneal inflammation in the human eye, we determined whether CGRP can bind to human corneal epithelial cells(More)
Nanogram amounts of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha) were detected in uninfected cultures of human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC). Although HSV-1 replicated >10(4)-fold in these cells and caused extensive cytopathic effects, virus infection was not accompanied by significant extracellular release of IL-1alpha. Additional studies(More)
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is a mutagen and rodent mammary gland carcinogen found in the human diet. 2-Hydroxyamino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (N-hydroxy-PhIP) is the proximate reactive metabolite of PhIP associated with PhIP-DNA adduct formation and mutagenesis. In the current study, whole mammary glands obtained(More)
Regenerative peripheral nerve interfaces have been proposed as viable alternatives for the natural control and feel of robotic prosthetic limbs. We have developed a Regenerative Multi-electrode Interface (REMI) that guides re-growing axons through an electrode array deployed in the lumen of a nerve guide. While acute studies have shown the use of the REMI(More)
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