Matxalen Llosa

Learn More
Bacterial conjugation is a promiscuous DNA transport mechanism. Conjugative plasmids transfer themselves between most bacteria, thus being one of the main causal agents of the spread of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria. Moreover, DNA can be transferred conjugatively into eukaryotic host cells. In this review, we aim to address several basic(More)
TrwC is required for conjugal DNA transfer of the broad host range plasmid R388. The purified protein shows in vitro DNA helicase activity. Here we report that it also has in vitro oriT-endonuclease activity. TrwC specifically nicks oriT-containing supercoiled plasmid DNA in the presence of Mg2+, and the nicked DNA can be visualized after treatment with(More)
Conjugative coupling proteins (CPs) are proposed to play a role in connecting the relaxosome to a type IV secretion system (T4SS) during bacterial conjugation. Here we present biochemical and genetic evidence indicating that the prototype CP, TrwB, interacts with both relaxosome and type IV secretion components of plasmid R388. The cytoplasmic domain of(More)
The region of the IncW plasmid R388 involved in conjugal DNA metabolism and mobilization (MOBw) has been analyzed by Tn5tac1 insertion mutagenesis, genetic complementation and DNA sequencing. Three genes (trwA, trwB and trwC) were mapped within MOBw. They are transcribed from the same strand and away from oriT. The predicted products of trwA, trwB and trwC(More)
The complete conjugal transfer gene region of the IncW plasmid R388 has been cloned in multicopy vector plasmids and mapped to a contiguous 14.9-kilobase segment by insertion mutagenesis. The fertility of the cloned region could still be inhibited by a coresident IncP plasmid. The transfer region has been dissected into two regions, one involved in pilus(More)
Protein TrwC is the relaxase-helicase responsible for the initiation and termination reactions of DNA processing during plasmid R388 conjugation. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to change to phenylalanine each of a set of four conserved tyrosyl residues in the sequence of the N-terminal relaxation domain of the protein. Simultaneous mutation of both Y18(More)
Type IV secretion (T4S) systems are versatile machines involved in many processes relevant to bacterial virulence, such as horizontal DNA transfer and effector translocation into human cells. A recent workshop organized by the International University of Andalousia in Baeza, Spain, covered most aspects of bacterial T4S relevant to human disease, ranging(More)
TrwC is a bifunctional enzyme that displays two biochemical activities essential for plasmid R388 conjugation: oriT-specific DNA strand-transferase and DNA helicase activities. We overproduced and purified different segments of the protein allowing us to map the relaxase and DNA helicase activities to separate regions of the protein. A peptide comprising(More)
Plasmids containing a direct repeat of plasmid R388 oriT are capable of site-specific recombination, which results in deletion of the intervening DNA. This reaction occurs in the presence, but not in the absence, of the region of R388 implicated in DNA processing during conjugation. This region contains three genes, trwA, trwB, and trwC. By using mutants of(More)
The type IV secretion system (T4SS) VirB/D4 of the facultative intracellular pathogen Bartonella henselae is known to translocate bacterial effector proteins into human cells. Two recent reports on DNA transfer into human cells have demonstrated the versatility of this bacterial secretion system for macromolecular substrate transfer. Moreover, these(More)