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Integrin function is central to inflammation, immunity, and tumor progression. The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and integrins formed stable complexes that both inhibited native integrin adhesive function and promoted adhesion to vitronectin via a ligand binding site on uPAR. Interaction of soluble uPAR with the active conformer of(More)
Inflammation and oxidative stress are thought to promote tissue damage in multiple sclerosis. Thus, novel therapeutics enhancing cellular resistance to free radicals could prove useful for multiple sclerosis treatment. BG00012 is an oral formulation of dimethylfumarate. In a phase II multiple sclerosis trial, BG00012 demonstrated beneficial effects on(More)
Angiogenic regulators modulate endothelial cell functions, including proliferation, migration, secretion, and adhesion, through their action on endothelial cells or other cell types. TWEAK, a novel member of the tumor necrosis factor family, appears to be a pro-angiogenic agent on the basis of previous studies demonstrating its ability to induce(More)
Using five monoclonal antibodies raised against a human uterine smooth muscle extract, we have identified a novel antigen which runs as a closely spaced doublet in SDS-gels. The proteins (60/63 kDa) co-purify, are present in a 1:1 ratio as judged by Coomassie Blue staining, and are immunologically closely related, if not identical. No N-terminal sequence(More)
Oxidative stress is central to the pathology of several neurodegenerative diseases, including multiple sclerosis, and therapeutics designed to enhance antioxidant potential could have clinical value. The objective of this study was to characterize the potential direct neuroprotective effects of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) and its primary metabolite monomethyl(More)
Rationale: Transforming growth factor (TGF)-b has a central role in driving many of the pathological processes that characterize pulmonary fibrosis. Inhibition of the integrin avb6, a key activator of TGF-b in lung, is an attractive therapeutic strategy, as it may be possible to inhibit TGF-b at sites of avb6 up-regulation without affecting other(More)
MOTIVATION Interpretation of high-throughput gene expression profiling requires a knowledge of the design principles underlying the networks that sustain cellular machinery. Recently a novel approach based on the study of network topologies has been proposed. This methodology has proven to be useful for the analysis of a variety of biological systems,(More)
The lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LT beta R) is a tumor necrosis factor receptor family member critical for the development and maintenance of various lymphoid microenvironments. Herein, we show that agonistic anti-LT beta R monoclonal antibody (mAb) CBE11 inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models and potentiated tumor responses to chemotherapeutic agents. In(More)
Mouse models lupus nephritis (LN) have provided important insights into disease pathogenesis, although none have been able to recapitulate all features of the human disease. Using comprehensive longitudinal analyses, we characterized a novel accelerated mouse model of lupus using pristane treatment in SNF1 (SWR X NZB F1) lupus prone mice (pristane-SNF1(More)
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