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On 4 July 2005, many observatories around the world and in space observed the collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 or its aftermath. This was an unprecedented coordinated observational campaign. These data show that (i) there was new material after impact that was compositionally different from that seen before impact; (ii) the ratio of dust mass(More)
The genetic differentiation among several laboratory-maintained pedigree snail lines of Biomphalaria glabrata (with different susceptibility phenotypes to Schistosoma mansoni infection) was assessed with the random amplified polymorphic DNA method. Out of the 20 primers tested, 2 (OPA-01 and OPA-06) gave reproducible markers with either individual or bulked(More)
1. Parallel series of experiments were carried out in the rat and mouse in order to investigate the mechanism(s) underlying the hypothermia induced in rodents by the selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT). 2. In the mouse, lesioning of central 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurones (by use of the neurotoxin,(More)
The effect of peripherally administered cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK8) was tested on signaled-avoidance behavior, apomorphine-induced stereotypy, and catalepsy. Rats were trained to avoid shock in a signaled shuttle-box avoidance task, and then given CCK8, tetragastrin, or haloperidol. CCK8 (20-3840 micrograms/kg i.p.) reduced avoidance in a(More)
The freshwater gastropod Biomphalaria glabrata is one of the most important invertebrate hosts of the helminth parasite Schistosoma mansoni. Investigators are using different strategies to determine the molecular basis of this snail-parasite relationship. Of particular interest are the identification of parasite resistance genes in the snail, and the(More)
To provide a novel resource for analysis of the genome of Biomphalaria glabrata, members of the international Biomphalaria glabrata Genome Initiative (http://biology.unm.edu/biomphalaria-genome.html), working with the Arizona Genomics Institute (AGI) and supported by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), produced a high quality bacterial(More)
Adult susceptibility of Biomphalaria glabrata to Schistosoma mansoni infection is controlled by simple Mendelian genetics. In this study a molecular approach was used to determine the degree of genetic variation between well-defined lines of B. glabrata which are either resistant (10-R2) or susceptible (M-line) to S. mansoni infection. A cloned probe(More)
Schistosomiasis is an infectious disease infecting mammals as the definitive host and fresh water snails as the intermediate host. Understanding the molecular and biochemical relationship between the causative schistosome parasite and its hosts will be key to understanding and ultimately treating and/or eradicating the disease. There is increasing evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Octopus vulgaris is a highly valuable species of great commercial interest and excellent candidate for aquaculture diversification; however, the octopus' well-being is impaired by pathogens, of which the gastrointestinal coccidian parasite Aggregata octopiana is one of the most important. The knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of the immune(More)
The freshwater snail Biomphalaria glabrata is closely associated with the transmission of human schistosomiasis. An ecologically sound method has been proposed to control schistosomiasis using genetically modified snails to displace endemic, susceptible ones. To assess the viability of this form of biological control, studies towards understanding the(More)