Matty Knight

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1. Parallel series of experiments were carried out in the rat and mouse in order to investigate the mechanism(s) underlying the hypothermia induced in rodents by the selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT). 2. In the mouse, lesioning of central 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurones (by use of the neurotoxin,(More)
The genetics of the snail Biomphalaria glabrata is better characterized than that of any other intermediate host of schistosomes of humans. Using techniques of selective breeding, several snail stocks have been developed that consistently display resistant or susceptible phenotypes. Investigators using these stocks have learned that several snail and(More)
Biomphalaria glabrata snails that display either resistant or susceptible phenotypes to the parasitic trematode, Schistosoma mansoni provide an invaluable resource towards elucidating the molecular basis of the snail-host/schistosome relationship. Previously, we showed that induction of stress genes either after heat-shock or parasite infection was a major(More)
The genetic differentiation among several laboratory-maintained pedigree snail lines of Biomphalaria glabrata (with different susceptibility phenotypes to Schistosoma mansoni infection) was assessed with the random amplified polymorphic DNA method. Out of the 20 primers tested, 2 (OPA-01 and OPA-06) gave reproducible markers with either individual or bulked(More)
The results are presented of a survey of NAD and NADP concentration in twenty micro-organisms. They fell into three categories with respect to NAD concentration. (i) High NAD ( > 4.5 ,umoles/g. dry weight) in obligate anaerobes, members of the Lactobacillaceae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (ii) Medium NAD (1.0-3.0 pmoleslg. dry weight) in faculative(More)
Dramatic local population decline brought about by anthropogenic-driven change is an increasingly common threat to biodiversity. Seabird life history traits make them particularly vulnerable to such change; therefore, understanding population connectivity and dispersal dynamics is vital for successful management. Our study used a 357-base pair mitochondrial(More)
Both snail and parasite genes determine the susceptibility of the snail Biomphalaria glabrata to infection with the trematode Schistosoma mansoni. To identify molecular markers associated with resistance to the parasite in the snail host, we performed genetic crosses between parasite-resistant and -susceptible isogenic snails. Because resistance to(More)
A bench scientist studying schistosomiasis must make a large commitment to maintain the parasite's life cycle, which necessarily involves a mammalian (definitive) host and the appropriate species of snail (intermediate host). This is often a difficult and expensive commitment to make, especially in the face of ever-tightening funds for tropical disease(More)
On 4 July 2005, many observatories around the world and in space observed the collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 or its aftermath. This was an unprecedented coordinated observational campaign. These data show that (i) there was new material after impact that was compositionally different from that seen before impact; (ii) the ratio of dust mass(More)