Learn More
BACKGROUND The transit of blood through the beating heart is a basic aspect of cardiovascular physiology which remains incompletely studied. Quantification of the components of multidirectional flow in the normal left ventricle (LV) is lacking, making it difficult to put the changes observed with LV dysfunction and cardiac surgery into context. METHODS(More)
Excised anterior mitral leaflets exhibit anisotropic, non-linear material behavior with pre-transitional stiffness ranging from 0.06 to 0.09 N/mm(2) and post-transitional stiffness from 2 to 9 N/mm(2). We used inverse finite element (FE) analysis to test, for the first time, whether the anterior mitral leaflet (AML), in vivo, exhibits similar non-linear(More)
We studied the effect of inhibiting the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) by a novel COMT inhibitor, entacapone, on the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of levodopa in 12 healthy male volunteers. Single increasing oral doses of entacapone (50-400 mg) were administered concomitantly with a single oral dose of levodopa/carbidopa (100/25 mg). The(More)
We studied the effect of entacapone, a catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, on the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of levodopa after administration of a controlled-release (CR) levodopa-carbidopa preparation (Sinemet CR) in an open, randomized trial in 12 healthy male volunteers. The inhibition of soluble COMT (S-COMT) in red blood cells (RBCs)(More)
Assay procedures for analysis of entacapone, (E)-2-cyano-N,N-diethyl-3-(3,4-dihydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)-propenamide++ +, and its Z-isomer in human plasma and urine are described. The methods were based on reversed-phase liquid chromatography with amperometric detection. Entacapone and its Z-isomer were extracted with n-hexane-ethyl acetate mixtures after(More)
The ability to determine coil sensitivities implies that a method optimized in terms of maximized signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) can be applied to the combination of multiple coil images. An optimization of SNR subsequently results in a minimized variance in quantitative velocity measurements using phase-contrast imaging. When coil sensitivities are unknown,(More)
In this study, large-eddy simulation (LES) is employed to calculate the disturbed flow field and the wall shear stress (WSS) in a subject specific human aorta. Velocity and geometry measurements using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are taken as input to the model to provide accurate boundary conditions and to assure the physiological relevance. In total,(More)
The development of atherosclerosis is correlated to the accumulation of lipids in the arterial wall, which, in turn, may be caused by the build-up of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) on the arterial surface. The goal of this study was to model blood flow within a subject specific human aorta, and to study how the LDL surface concentration changed during a(More)
Phase contrast MRI is a powerful tool for the assessment of blood flow. However, especially in the highly complex and turbulent flow that accompanies many cardiovascular diseases, phase contrast MRI may suffer from artifacts. Simulation of phase contrast MRI of turbulent flow could increase our understanding of phase contrast MRI artifacts in turbulent(More)