Learn More
CD11c(hi) dendritic cells (DC) play an essential role during the initiation of cell-mediated immunity. Recently, CD11c(lo)CD45RB(hi) DC with regulatory properties have been described. However, the origins of regulatory DC are poorly understood. Here, we show that spleen-derived stromal cells promote selective development of CD11c(lo)CD45RB(+)(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play a well-recognized role in early pathogen containment and in shaping acquired cell-mediated immunity. However, indirect evidence in humans and experimental models has suggested that NK cells also play negative regulatory roles during chronic disease. To formally test this hypothesis, we employed a well-defined experimental(More)
Experimental murine infection with the parasites that cause human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) results in the establishment of infection in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. In most strains of mice, parasites are eventually cleared from the liver, and hepatic resistance to infection results from a coordinated host response involving a broad range of(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the ubiquitous sentinels of the immune system, instructing and shaping the adaptive immune response. As such, DCs are often targeted directly by pathogens as a means of immune evasion. Although DCs in different anatomical locations originate from common bone-marrow-derived progenitors and, hence, share several characteristics,(More)
Immune responses were assessed at the single-cell level in lymph nodes from children with tuberculous lymphadenitis. Tuberculosis infection was associated with tissue remodeling of lymph nodes as well as altered cellular composition. Granulomas were significantly enriched with CD68+ macrophages expressing the M. tuberculosis complex-specific protein antigen(More)
In the immune system, stromal cells provide specialized niches that control hematopoiesis by coordinating the production of chemokines, adhesion molecules, and growth factors. Stromal cells also have anti-inflammatory effects, including support for the differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors into dendritic cells (DCs) with immune regulatory properties.(More)
The processes leading to systemic dissemination of the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii remain unelucidated. In vitro studies on human and murine dendritic cells (DC) revealed that active invasion of DC by Toxoplasma induces a state of hypermotility in DC, enabling transmigration of infected DC across endothelial cell monolayers in the(More)
In lung tissue, dendritic cells (DC) are found in close association with the epithelial cell layer, and there is evidence of DC regulation by the epithelium; that epithelial dysfunction leads to overzealous immune cell activation. However, dissecting basic mechanisms of DC interactions with epithelial cells in human tissue is difficult. Here, we describe a(More)
OBJECTIVE Human resistin has proinflammatory properties that activate NF-κB-dependent pathways, whereas its murine counterpart is associated with insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to examine potential cross-talk between resistin and insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Levels of IGF-1, IGF(More)
Gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-regulated chemokines of the CXC family have been implicated as key regulators of a variety of T-cell-dependent inflammatory processes. However, the cellular source(s) of IFN-gamma that regulates their early expression has rarely been defined. Here, we have directly addressed this question in mice after Leishmania donovani(More)