Mattias Ernst

Learn More
Increasing evidence demonstrates that IL-6 has a protective role during liver injury. IL-6 activates intracellular pathways via the gp130 receptor. In order to identify IL-6-gp130 pathways involved in mediating liver protection, we analyzed hepatocyte-specific gp130 knockout mice in a concanavalin A-induced (Con A-induced) model of immune-mediated(More)
Various human malignancies are characterized by excessive activation of the Janus family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases (JAK) and their associated transcription factors STAT3 and STAT5. In the majority of solid tumors, this occurs in response to increased abundance of inflammatory cytokines in the tumor microenvironment prominently produced by infiltrating(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide with non small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for 80% of all lung cancers. Although activating mutations in genes of the RAS-MAPK pathway occur in up to 30% of all NSCLC, the cooperating genetic lesions that are required for lung cancer initiation and progression remain poorly understood. Here(More)
The majority of Onchocerca volvulus-infected persons show signs of cellular anergy, and long-time survival of adult and larval parasites in subcutaneous tissue is observed. The mechanisms leading to immunological hyporesponsiveness are poorly understood. Monocytes/macrophages represent a link between the innate and acquired immune system and are candidate(More)
Infection of gastric mucosa by Helicobacter pylori induces an inflammatory response with increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Among them, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 induce the activation of signaling pathways that regulate genes expression, such as MUC2 and MUC4 intestinal mucins ectopically detected in(More)
Signalling by the toll-like receptor (TLR) family of pathogen recognition receptors has emerged as a key molecular component in the pathogenesis of an increasing number of inflammatory-related cancers, among which gastric cancer rates as the second most lethal cancer world-wide. The myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) adapter molecule has a critical(More)
Cytokines that signal through the LIFRbeta/gp130 receptor complex, including LIF and CNTF, promote the self-renewal of embryonic and adult neural precursor cells (NPCs). In non-CNS tissues, the protein suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) negatively regulates signaling through gp130. Here, we analyze the role of SOCS3 in inhibiting LIF signaling in(More)
Aberrant Wnt signaling mediated by mutations affecting APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) or beta-catenin initiates the majority of human colorectal cancers (CRC) and drives tumorigenesis through the activation of specific genes such as MYC. We report here a novel association whereby another oncogenic transcription factor, MYB/c-Myb, is necessary for(More)
Transcription factor Myb is overexpressed in most colorectal cancers (CRC). Patients with CRC expressing the highest Myb are more likely to relapse. We previously showed that mono-allelic loss of Myb in an Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-driven CRC mouse model (Apc(Min/+)) significantly improves survival. Here we directly investigated the association of(More)
Previously we had shown that, upon activation with viable bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) could be rendered cytotoxic against otherwise insensitive natural killer (NK)-resistant bladder cancer cell lines. This phenomenon had been termed the BCG-activated killer (BAK) cell phenomenon. By means of depletion and(More)