Mattia Rocco

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Reduced numbers of frictional/scattering centers are essential for tractable hydrodynamic and small-angle scattering data modeling. We present a method for generating medium-resolution models from the atomic coordinates of proteins, basically by using two nonoverlapping spheres of differing radii per residue. The computed rigid-body hydrodynamic parameters(More)
The interpretation of solution hydrodynamic data in terms of macromolecular structural parameters is not a straightforward task. Over the years, several approaches have been developed to cope with this problem, the most widely used being bead modeling in various flavors. We report here the implementation of the SOMO (SOlution MOdeller; Rai et al. in(More)
The concentration dependence of the structure of fibrin gels, formed following fibrinogen activation by thrombin at a constant molar ratio, was investigated by means of elastic light scattering techniques. The scattered intensity distributions were measured in absolute units over a wave-vector range q of about three decades ( approximately 3x10(2)-3x10(5)(More)
Human plasma fibronectin is a high molecular weight (530,000), multi-domain, modular glycoprotein, consisting of two nearly identical subunits disulfide-bridged close to their C-terminal ends. Three sites that can be differentially labeled with fluorescent probes are present on each fibronectin subunit, the transglutaminase-sensitive Gln3 residue and the(More)
Fibronectin has been purified to apparent homogeneity according to measurements of molecular weight and diffusion constant from light scattering and sedimentation in the analytical ultracentrifuge. This gives two estimates of molecular weight close to 500,000. (The difference with the gel electrophoretic value of 440,000 may indicate the presence of some(More)
The structure and kinetics of fibrin gels grown from fibrinogen solutions under quasiphysiological conditions, but in absence of Ca++, were investigated by means of elastic light scattering. By combining classical light scattering and low-angle elastic light scattering, an overall wave-vector range of about three decades was spanned, from q approximately 3(More)
Spheres, cylinders or ellipsoids, whose hydrodynamic properties can be computed from analytical or semi-analytical expressions, have been traditionally used as low-resolution approximate descriptors of macromolecular size and shape. However, these simple geometrical bodies can seldom faithfully reproduce any detail of a macromolecular surface. A more(More)
The radius of gyration of human plasma fibronectin was determined by light scattering both under conditions in which the molecule is in an extended conformation (ionic strength 1.01 M, pH 8) and close to its native, more compact conformation (ionic strength 0.16 M, pH 8). These values were found to be 17.5 +/- 0.8 nm and 10.7 +/- 0.9 nm respectively, for a(More)
Many biological supramolecular structures are formed by polymerization of macromolecular monomers. Light scattering techniques can provide structural information from such systems, if suitable procedures are used to collect the data and then to extract the relevant parameters. We present an experimental set-up in which a commercial multiangle laser light(More)
Integrin-dependent adhesion and signaling are regulated by conformational changes whose details remain controversial. Crystallography revealed bent shapes for resting and primed integrin ectodomains, whereas large, ligand-induced rearrangements in other constructs suggested extension, "opening," and tail separation. We have used experimental/computed(More)