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The concentration dependence of the structure of fibrin gels, formed following fibrinogen activation by thrombin at a constant molar ratio, was investigated by means of elastic light scattering techniques. The scattered intensity distributions were measured in absolute units over a wave-vector range q of about three decades ( approximately 3x10(2)-3x10(5)(More)
The structure and kinetics of fibrin gels grown from fibrinogen solutions under quasiphysiological conditions, but in absence of Ca++, were investigated by means of elastic light scattering. By combining classical light scattering and low-angle elastic light scattering, an overall wave-vector range of about three decades was spanned, from q approximately 3(More)
Spheres, cylinders or ellipsoids, whose hydrodynamic properties can be computed from analytical or semi-analytical expressions, have been traditionally used as low-resolution approximate descriptors of macromolecular size and shape. However, these simple geometrical bodies can seldom faithfully reproduce any detail of a macromolecular surface. A more(More)
Human plasma fibronectin is a high molecular weight (530,000), multi-domain, modular glycoprotein, consisting of two nearly identical subunits disulfide-bridged close to their C-terminal ends. Three sites that can be differentially labeled with fluorescent probes are present on each fibronectin subunit, the transglutaminase-sensitive Gln3 residue and the(More)
Reduced numbers of frictional/scattering centers are essential for tractable hydrodynamic and small-angle scattering data modeling. We present a method for generating medium-resolution models from the atomic coordinates of proteins, basically by using two nonoverlapping spheres of differing radii per residue. The computed rigid-body hydrodynamic parameters(More)
Fibronectin has been purified to apparent homogeneity according to measurements of molecular weight and diffusion constant from light scattering and sedimentation in the analytical ultracentrifuge. This gives two estimates of molecular weight close to 500,000. (The difference with the gel electrophoretic value of 440,000 may indicate the presence of some(More)
The interpretation of solution hydrodynamic data in terms of macromolecular structural parameters is not a straightforward task. Over the years, several approaches have been developed to cope with this problem, the most widely used being bead modeling in various flavors. We report here the implementation of the SOMO (SOlution MOdeller; Rai et al. in(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that high-affinity binding of macromolecular ligands to the alphaIIbbeta3 integrin is tightly coupled to binding-site remodeling, an induced-fit process that shifts a conformational equilibrium from a resting toward an open receptor. Interactions between alphaIIbbeta3 and two model ligands-echistatin, a 6-kDa recombinant(More)
UltraScan Solution Modeler (US-SOMO) processes atomic and lower-resolution bead model representations of biological and other macromolecules to compute various hydrodynamic parameters, such as the sedimentation and diffusion coefficients, relaxation times and intrinsic viscosity, and small angle scattering curves, that contribute to our understanding of(More)
The radius of gyration of human plasma fibronectin was determined by light scattering both under conditions in which the molecule is in an extended conformation (ionic strength 1.01 M, pH 8) and close to its native, more compact conformation (ionic strength 0.16 M, pH 8). These values were found to be 17.5 +/- 0.8 nm and 10.7 +/- 0.9 nm respectively, for a(More)