Matti Weckström

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1. From a comparison of the photoresponses and membrane properties of photoreceptors from 20 species of Diptera, we conclude that coding in the time domain is matched to the dictates of visual ecology. This matching involves the dynamics of phototransduction and the use of an appropriate mix of potassium conductances to tune the photoreceptor membrane. 2.(More)
Response properties of short-type (R1-6) photoreceptors of the blowfly (Calliphora vicina) were investigated with intracellular recordings using repeated sequences of pseudorandomly modulated light contrast stimuli at adapting backgrounds covering 5 log intensity units. The resulting voltage responses were used to determine the effects of adaptational(More)
1. The membrane properties of the photoreceptors of the blowfly (Calliphora vicina) were investigated in situ by making intracellular recordings in the intact retina, using discontinuous single-electrode current and voltage clamp techniques. Single channels were investigated using inside-out patches from dissociated photoreceptors. 2. Photoreceptors have a(More)
That particular membrane conductances are selected for expression to enable the efficient coding of biologically relevant signals is illustrated by recent work on insect photoreceptors. These studies exploit the richness of insect vision and the accessibility of insect photoreceptors to cellular analysis in both intact animal and isolated cell preparations.(More)
To characterize the transfer of graded potentials and the properties of the associated noise in the photoreceptor-interneuron synapse of the blowfly (Calliphora vicina) compound eye, we recorded voltage responses of photoreceptors (R1-6) and large monopolar cells (LMC) evoked by: (a) steps of light presented in the dark; (b) contrast steps; and (c)(More)
Many neurons use graded membrane-potential changes, instead of action potentials, to transmit information. Traditional synaptic models feature discontinuous transmitter release by presynaptic action potentials, but this is not true for synapses between graded-potential neurons. In addition to graded and continuous transmitter release, they have multiple(More)
In dim light, scarcity of photons typically leads to poor vision. Nonetheless, many animals show visually guided behavior with dim environments. We investigated the signaling properties of photoreceptors of the dark active cockroach (Periplaneta americana) using intracellular and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings to determine whether they show selective(More)
1. Randomly modulated light stimuli were used to characterize the nonlinear dynamic properties of the synapse between photoreceptors and large monopolar neurons (LMC) in the fly retina. Membrane potential fluctuations produced by constant variance contrast stimuli were recorded at eight different levels of background light intensity. 2. Representation of(More)
The compound eyes of insects contain photoreceptors in small eyelets, ommatidia. The photoreceptors generally vary very little from ommatidium to ommatidium. However, in the large compound eyes of the cockroach (Periplaneta americana), previous studies have shown large differences in the optical structure between the ommatidia. The anatomy suggests pooling(More)
A method is decribed for the determination of cellular input impedance of non-spiking neurones. The input impedance is important when cellular geometry and the effects of voltage-dependent channels are considered. Cells are impaled with a single glass microelectrod and current is injected using a time-sharing technique. The cell's impedance is measured by(More)