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OBJECTIVE To analyse the long term results of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery in a national epilepsy surgery centre for adults, and to evaluate preoperative factors predicting a good postoperative outcome on long term follow up. METHODS Longitudinal follow up of 140 consecutive adult patients operated on for drug resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. RESULTS(More)
Neuronal loss and axonal sprouting are the most typical histopathological findings in the hippocampus of patients with drug-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). It is under dispute, however, whether remodeling of neuronal circuits is a continuous process or whether it occurs only during epileptogenesis. Also, little is known about the plasticity outside(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The occurrence of damage in the entorhinal, perirhinal, and temporopolar cortices in unilateral drug-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) was investigated with quantitative MR imaging. METHODS Volumes of the entorhinal, perirhinal, and temporopolar cortices were measured in 27 patients with unilateral drug-refractory TLE, 10(More)
During 1991-1995, 223 patients were investigated in the Department of Neurosurgery, Kuopio University Hospital because of a clinical and CT diagnosis of NPH. All patients underwent intracranial pressure measurements and were formed into 3 biopsy groups. Group A included incidentally biopsied patients (104 patients, 34 biopsies) seen during 1991-1992; Group(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between reduced glucose metabolism in positron emission tomography with fludeoxyglucose F 18 ([(18)F]FDG-PET) and hippocampal damage (HD) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy is still unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the presence and severity of HD verified by quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (QMRI) and(More)
To evaluate the role of different EEG methods with respect to postoperative clinical follow-up, 32 non-lesionary epilepsy patients who had undergone temporal lobectomy were studied preoperatively and at 2-week, 3-month, and 1-year postoperative follow-up. Routine, sleep, and sphenoidal EEG recordings as well as intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG)(More)
Human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is associated with cellular alterations (eg, hilar cell death, neurogenesis, and granule cell dispersion) in the dentate gyrus but their underlying molecular mechanism are not known. We previously demonstrated increased expression of cystatin C, a protease inhibitor linked to both neurodegeneration and neurogenesis, during(More)
We report a series of 84 consecutive patients (41 women) with 92 distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms (DACAA). All aneurysms were saccular. Four different locations of DACAAs were found: proximal, 5 aneurysms; frontobasal, 8; genu corporis callosi, 72; and distal, 7. Sixty-five patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), the rest were(More)
BACKGROUND Between 1993-1995, 51 patients under 75 years of age with clinical symptoms and CT-based diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus were investigated prospectively in order to clarify the value of neuropsychological tests, clinical symptoms and signs and infusion test in the differential diagnosis and prediction of outcome in normal pressure(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate combined [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and 122-channel whole-scalp magnetoencephalography (MEG) in lateralizing the epileptogenic cortex in patients whose routine presurgical evaluations gave discordant results about the location of the epileptic focus. METHODS Nine patients (five women, four men)(More)