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While the applications using the Internet have changed over time, TCP is still the dominating transport protocol that carries over 90% of the total traffic. Throughput is the key performance metric for long TCP connections. The achieved throughput results from the aggregate effects of the network path, the parameters of the TCP end points, and the(More)
Previous studies have shown that a significant part of the overall energy consumption of battery-powered mobile devices is caused by network data transmission. Power models that describe the power consumption behavior of the network data transmission are therefore an essential tool in estimating the battery lifetime and in minimizing the energy usage of(More)
We report results from the analysis of a 24-hour packet trace containing TCP traffic of approximately 1300 residential ADSL clients. Some of our observations confirm earlier studies: the major fraction of the total traffic originates from P2P applications and small fractions of connections and clients are responsible for the vast majority of the traffic.(More)
Video streaming on smartphones is one of the most popular but also most energy hungry services today. Using mobile video services results in two contradictory sources of energy waste for smartphones: i) energy waste because of excessively aggressive prefetching of content that the user will not watch because of abandoning the session, and ii) excessive(More)
—Energy conservation in battery powered mobile devices that perform wireless multimedia streaming has been a significant research problem since last decade. This is because these mobile devices consume a lot of power while receiving, decoding and ultimately, presenting the multimedia content. What makes things worse is the fact that battery technologies(More)
—Ultra low power communication mechanisms are essential for future Internet of Things deployments. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is one promising candidate for such deployments. We study the energy consumption of BLE by measuring real devices with a power monitor and derive models of the basic energy consumption behavior observed from the measurement results.(More)
—Wireless data transmission consumes a significant part of the overall energy consumption of smartphones, due to the popularity of Internet applications. In this paper we investigate the energy consumption characteristics of data transmission over Wi-Fi, focusing on the effect of Internet flow characteristics and network environment. We present(More)
Shaping constant bit rate traffic into bursts has been proposed earlier for UDP-based multimedia streaming to save Wi-Fi communication energy of mobile devices. The relationship between the burst size and energy consumption of wireless interfaces is such that the larger is the burst size, the lower is the energy consumption per bit received as long as there(More)
—The growing popularity of mobile internet services, characterized by heavy network transmission, intensive computation and an always-on display, poses a great challenge to the battery lifetime of mobile devices. To manage the power consumption in an efficient way, it is essential to understand how the power is consumed at the system level and to be able to(More)