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Cytochrome P450 2A6 is an important human hepatic P450 which activates pre-carcinogens, oxidises some drugs and constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. In fact, results have been presented in the literature which suggested a relationship between the distribution of defective CYP2A6 alleles and smoking behaviour as well as cigarette consumption. In the(More)
Modulation of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenase system by cadmium was investigated in male, adult DBA/2J mice treated with a single dose (16 micromol/kg body weight, i.p.) of cadmium chloride (CdCl2). Total CYP content of liver and kidney microsomes decreased maximally (56% and 85%, respectively) 24 and 18 h, respectively, after CdCl2 treatment.(More)
Cocaine is eliminated and detoxified principally through the metabolism of nonspecific plasma and tissue esterases. Microsomal oxidative metabolism is of importance in cocaine N-demethylation, this being a principal pathway of cocaine bioactivation and hepatotoxicity. The contribution of different cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes to cocaine N-demethylase(More)
CGS 20267 is a new non-steroidal compound which potently inhibits aromatase in vitro (IC50 of 11.5 nM) and in vivo (ED50 of 1-3 micrograms/kg p.o.), CGS 20267 maximally inhibits estradiol production in vitro in LH-stimulated hamster ovarian tissue at 0.1 microM with an IC50 of 0.02 microM and does not significantly affect progesterone production up to 350(More)
We have previously shown that cadmium, a metal that alters cellular redox status, induces CYP2A5 expression in nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 wild-type (Nrf2+/+) mice but not in the knockout (Nrf2-/-) mice. In the present studies, the potential role of Nrf2 in cadmium-mediated regulation of Cyp2a5 gene was investigated in mouse primary(More)
Among members of the mouse cytochrome P450 2A family, P450 2A5 is the best catalyst of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) oxidation to its 8,9-epoxide (Pelkonen, P., Lang, M., Wild, C. P., Negishi, M., and Juvonen, R. O. (1994) Eur. J. Pharmacol., Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. Sect. 292, 67-73). Here we studied the role of amino acid residues 209 and 365 of the P450 2A5 in(More)
We describe a novel cis-element in the 5' coding region of p53 mRNA and its interaction with heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP)C1/C2. This element is located in a putative hairpin loop structure, within the first 101 nucleotides downstream of the start codon. The binding of hnRNPC1/C2 is strongly enhanced in response to the DNA-damaging drug(More)
1. We have constructed a full-length human liver cytochrome P450IIA cDNA from a partial-length clone by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis, and subcloned it into the monkey kidney (COS-7) cell expression vector, pSVL. 2. The cDNA encodes a 49 kDa protein with coumarin 7-hydroxylase (COH) activity which cross-reacts with antisera to the mouse cytochrome(More)
Pyrazole, cobalt and phenobarbital increase the activity of coumarin 7-hydroxylase (COH) in mouse liver. To study the mechanism of this increase, we measured the expression of the cytochrome P-450 2a-4/5 (Cyp2a-4/5) complex, which mediates testosterone 15 alpha-hydroxylase and COH activities, as a function of dose and time after the treatment of C57BL/6(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A5 is involved in the metabolism of carcinogens like aflatoxin B1 and N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), and CYP2A5 levels are increased in some pathological states of the liver (e.g., infectious hepatitis and porphyria). We analyzed the expression of CYP2A5 during experimental liver carcinogenesis in three different mouse strains (C3H/He,(More)