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Counting parties and identifying dominant party systems in Africa
By most definitions, the third wave of democratisation has given rise to dominant parties and dominant party systems in Africa. The effective number of parties, the most widely used method to countExpand
Dominant Party Systems and Electoral Volatility in Africa
In a recent publication in this journal, Mozaffar and Scarritt claim to have found a puzzling combination of low fragmentation and high volatility in African party systems. However, if we look atExpand
The favourable factors for consociational democracy: A review
The favourable factors for the establishment and maintenance of consociational democracy are among the most contested elements of consociationalism. The debate concerns both the favourable factorsExpand
How to classify hybrid regimes? Defective democracy and electoral authoritarianism
The ‘third wave’ of democratization has resulted in the proliferation of regimes that are neither fully democratic nor classic authoritarian. To capture the nature of these hybrid regimes, theExpand
The Uneasy Relationship between Empirical and Normative Types in Consociational Theory
Consociationalism has enriched comparative politics with a whole lineage of non-majoritarian types of democracy: from consociational democracy to consensus democracy and power-sharing. This articleExpand
Where to draw the line? From degree to dichotomy in measures of democracy
While there is much debate about the merits of dichotomous versus continuous measures of democracy, surprisingly little attention is paid to the question as to how to go from degree to dichotomy.Expand
Crafting competitive party systems: Electoral laws and the opposition in Africa
After the resurgence of democracy in the 1990s, as was the case after independence, dominant party systems are predominant in Africa. This has occurred irrespective of the particular electoral systemExpand
Measuring Democracy through Election Outcomes
Cross-national measures of democracy are widely used to track the development and spread of democracy around the world and to study the causes and correlates of democratization. Most of theExpand
The Choice for Proportional Representation: Electoral System Design in Peace Agreements
After a civil war, there is a keen interest in ‘getting the institutions right’. This article summarizes our knowledge of one particular institution, the electoral system, through a review of theExpand
De-democratization in Hungary: diffusely defective democracy
ABSTRACT Scholarly attention has started to shift from democratization and democratic consolidation to trends of democratic deconsolidation, backsliding, regression, and erosion. This articleExpand