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Chronic inhibition of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) by systemic injection of the selective inhibitor 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP) has been used as an animal model for Huntington's disease (HD). However, the mechanisms by which 3NP produces lesions in the striatum are not fully characterized. A quantitative histochemical method was developed to study the(More)
We showed recently that chronic administration of the mitochondrial inhibitor 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP) in primates produces various dyskinetic movements and dystonic postures associated with selective striatal lesions displaying many similarities with the pathological features of Huntington's disease (HD). In the present study, we examined whether such a(More)
We found that the magnesium salt of ilimaquinone, named 201-F, specifically disassembled dynamically unstable microtubules in fibroblasts and various epithelial cell lines. Unlike classical tubulin- interacting drugs such as nocodazole or colchicine which affect all classes of microtubules, 201-F did not depolymerize stable microtubules. In WIF-B-polarized(More)
The putative neuroprotective effect of riluzole was investigated in a rat model of progressive striatal neurodegeneration induced by prolonged treatment (three weeks, intraperitoneal) with 3-nitropropionic acid, an irreversible inhibitor of succinate dehydrogenase. Quantitative analysis of motor behaviour indicated a significant protective effect (60%) of(More)
Impairment in energy metabolism is thought to be involved in the aetiology of Huntington's disease. In line with this hypothesis, chronic systemic administration of the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid to rats and monkeys produces selective striatal lesions similar to Huntington's disease. The present study examined whether rats treated with(More)
N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) is commonly used as a selective inhibitor for in vivo studies of brain nitric oxide (NO) synthase. We aimed to study the fate of N omega-nitro-L-arginine [11C]methyl ester ([11C]L-NAME) using positron emission tomography in monkey and high performance liquid chromatography methods in dogs and rats. We found(More)
Riluzole has been shown recently to increase life expectancy in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A number of experimental studies also suggest that this compound may be a neuroprotectant. We have investigated in baboons whether riluzole would protect striatal neurons from a prolonged 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP) treatment and ameliorate the(More)
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