AIM The aim of this study was to find the correct angle of the needle position for the epidural perineural injection at the lumbar spine without any help by imaging. METHODS In 11 human cadaver lumbar spines besides dura, nerve roots and bones all soft tissue had been removed to allow us to look into the anterior lateral epidural spaces between L3 and S1… (More)
BACKGROUND The spinal canal stenosis is a common disease in elderly. The thecal sac narrowing is considered as the anatomical cause for the disease. There is evidence that the anatomical proportions of the lumbar spinal canal are influenced by postural changes. The liquor volume shift during these postural changes is a valuable parameter to estimate the… (More)
BACKGROUND Lumbar microdiscectomy is a widespread popular method of treatment. One major challenge is the spine level dependent different anatomy and the limited sight on the nerve root during the surgical procedure. OBJECTIVE The aim was to analyze the specific anatomic relation of nerve root, intervertebral disc and intervertebral ganglion under… (More)
fen und das Vorziehen von funktionalen Tests.
The success and risks of spinal surgery depend on a correct diagnosis and detailed knowledge of anatomy. This report provides information on relevant structures of the lumbar spine and possible surgical complications. Anatomical topography and different surgical approaches are described step by step.