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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Specialized management of patients with stroke is not available in all hospitals. We evaluated whether prehospital management in the Stroke Emergency Mobile (STEMO) improves the triage of patients with stroke. METHODS STEMO is an ambulance staffed with a specialized stroke team and equipped with a computed tomographic scanner and(More)
IMPORTANCE Time to thrombolysis is crucial for outcome in acute ischemic stroke. OBJECTIVE To determine if starting thrombolysis in a specialized ambulance reduces delays. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In the Prehospital Acute Neurological Treatment and Optimization of Medical care in Stroke Study (PHANTOM-S), conducted in Berlin, Germany, we(More)
IMPORTANCE The effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke is time dependent. The effects are likely to be highest if the time from symptom onset to treatment is within 60 minutes, termed the golden hour. OBJECTIVE To determine the achievable rate of golden hour thrombolysis in prehospital care and its effect on outcome. DESIGN,(More)
OBJECTIVE Beneficial effects of IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in acute ischemic stroke are strongly time-dependent. In the Pre-Hospital Acute Neurological Treatment and Optimization of Medical care in Stroke (PHANTOM-S) study, we undertook stroke treatment using a specialized ambulance, the stroke emergency mobile unit (STEMO), to shorten(More)
BACKGROUND The preferred immunosuppressive drug for long term treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG) is azathioprine (AZA). Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was suggested as an effective and safe second line alternative to AZA. METHODS In a prospective open-label study, 11 patients with acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-ab) positive MG (n=4 ocular MG, n=7(More)
In congenital myasthenic syndrome with DOK7 mutations ephedrine was reported to be beneficial in single patients. We carried out a small, open and prospective cohort study in eight European patients manifesting from birth to 12 years. Five patients showed limb-girdle and facial weakness, three a floppy infant syndrome with bulbar symptoms and/or respiratory(More)
Intrathecal immunoglobulin G (IgG) synthesis and oligoclonal IgG bands in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are hallmarks of multiple sclerosis (MS), but the antigen specificities remain enigmatic. Our study is the first investigating the autoantibody repertoire in paired serum and CSF samples from patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), primary progressive MS(More)
In acute ischemic stroke, time from symptom onset to intervention is a decisive prognostic factor. In order to reduce this time, prehospital thrombolysis at the emergency site would be preferable. However, apart from neurological expertise and laboratory investigations a computed tomography (CT) scan is necessary to exclude hemorrhagic stroke prior to(More)