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Proteins directing the biosynthesis of galactoglucan (exopolysaccharide II) in Rhizobium meliloti Rm2011 are encoded by the exp genes. Sequence analysis of a 32-kb DNA fragment of megaplasmid 2 containing the exp gene cluster identified previously (J. Glazebrook and G. C. Walker, Cell 56:661-672, 1989) revealed the presence of 25 open reading frames.(More)
Brain lesions induced in newborn mice or rats by the glutamatergic agonists ibotenate (acting on NMDA and metabotropic receptors) or S-bromowillardiine (acting on AMPA-kainate receptors) mimic some aspects of white matter cysts and transcortical necrosis observed in human perinatal brain damage associated with cerebral palsy. Exogenous and endogenous(More)
BACKGROUND Propofol is commonly used as sedative in newborns and children. Recent experimental studies led to contradictory results, revealing neurodegenerative or neuroprotective properties of propofol on the developing brain. We investigated neurodevelopmental short- and long-term effects of neonatal propofol treatment. METHODS 6-day-old Wistar rats(More)
Employing the biparental exogenous plasmid isolation method, conjugative plasmids conferring mercury resistance were isolated from the microbial community of the rhizosphere of field grown alfalfa plants. Five different plasmids were identified, designated pSB101-pSB105. One of the plasmids, pSB102, displayed broad host range (bhr) properties for plasmid(More)
The genome of Sinorhizobium meliloti type strain Rm1021 consists of three replicons: the chromosome and two megaplasmids, pSymA and pSymB. Additionally, many indigenous S. meliloti strains possess one or more smaller plasmids, which represent the accessory genome of this species. Here we describe the complete nucleotide sequence of an accessory plasmid,(More)
The deliberate release of genetically engineered microorganisms requires a thorough characterization of the microbes in question. For the two bioluminescent Rhizobium meliloti strains, L1 and L33 [Selbitschka et al. (1992) Mol Ecol 1:9-19; Selbitschka et al. (1995) FEMS Microbiol Ecol 16:223-232], designated for field release, the sites of genetic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Preterm birth is the major cause of infant mortality and morbidity in both developed and developing countries. In Europe, the prevalence rate of premature birth ranges from 5.5 to 11.4% - an average of 7.1% of all live births. In this report, we aim to compare the current health and social policies, as well as practices in 13 EU member(More)
The controlled production of single photons is of fundamental and practical interest; they represent the lowest excited quantum states of the radiation field, and have applications in quantum cryptography and quantum information processing. Common approaches use the fluorescence of single ions, single molecules, colour centres and semiconductor quantum(More)
Sequence analysis of a 7.494 kb DNA fragment from megaplasmid 2 of Rhizobium meliloti 2011 involved in exopolysaccharide I (EPS I) biosynthesis revealed the presence of five exo genes designated exoA, exoM, exoN, exoO, and exoP. ExoN was found to show strong homology to a UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase from Acetobacter xylinum, whereas ExoO displayed weak(More)